Normative Values for Blood Flashcards Preview

Anatomy, Physiology, and Kinesiology > Normative Values for Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Normative Values for Blood Deck (44):
1

Blood Volume

Males

This value is also equivalent to what?

5-6 Liters

Same with cardiac output

2

Blood Volume

Females

This value is also equivalent to what?

4-5 Liters

Same with cardiac output

3

RBC

Males

5.2-6.5 million per cube millimeter

4

RBC

Females

4.5-5.5 million per cube millimeter

5

Hematocrit

Males

42-52%

6

Hematocrit

Females

37-47%

7

Hemoglobin

Males

13-18 g/dL

Average = 16 g/dL

8

Hemoglobin

Females

12-16 g/dL

Average = 14 g/dL

9

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)

Males

An increased value indicates what?

<15 mm/hr

Increased values indicate infection

10

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)

Females

An increased value indicates what?

<25 mm/hr

Increased values indicate infection

11

WBC

5000-10000 per cube millimeter

12

WBC count if the immune system is impaired, and ulceration may be present

<5000 per cube millimeter

13

WBC count if there is infection and inflammation

What other blood count increases with infection?

>10000 per cube millimeter

ESR increases with WBC count

14

Platelets

150000-400000 per cube millimeter

15

Bleeding time

1-6 minutes

16

Clotting time

6-10 minutes

17

WBC count where exercise is contraindicated

<5000 per cube millimeter

18

Hematocrit count where exercise is contraindicated

<27%

19

Hemoglobin count where exercise is contraindicated

<8 g/dL

20

Platelet count where exercise is contraindicated

<20000 per cube millimeter

21

Platelet count where light exercises may be performed, but vigorous exercises are contraindicated

20000-50000 per cube millimeter

22

Life span of RBCs

120 days (4 months)

23

Amount of RBCs produced per second

2.5 million

24

Hemoglobin contains _____% of iron in the body

65%

25

Reticulocyte-formation, the third stage of RBC formation, contains _____% of Hgb

34%

26

Reticulocytes take about _____ days to become fully grown Erythrocytes

3-4 days

27

Erythropoietin contributed by the kidney

90%

28

Erythropoietin contributed by the liver

10%

29

A patient is suffering from Post-hemorrhagic anemia, and presents with dizziness and hypotension. Approximately what percentage of blood volume is lost?

20-30%

30

A patient is suffering from Post-hemorrhagic anemia, and presents with Diaphoresis, increased ADH secretion, and Hypotension. Approximately what percentage of blood volume is lost?

30-40%

31

A patient is suffering from Post-hemorrhagic anemia, and is in hypovolemic shock, nearing death. Approximately what percentage of blood volume is lost?

40-50%

32

Formed elements are _____% of blood

45%

33

Plasma is _____% of blood

55%

34

Formed elements are divided into RBCs, WBCs, and Platelets. In terms of percentage, what is the distribution of each?

RBCs: 95%
WBCs: 4%
Platelets: 1%

35

Plasma is comprised of three main substances. What are these, and what is the distribution of each?

Water: 91%
Plasma proteins: 7%
Other substances: 2%

36

There are three main plasma proteins in blood. What are these, and what is the distribution of each?

Albumin: 58% (most abundant plasma protein)
Globulin: 38%
Fibrinogen: 4%

Note: while albumin is the most abundant plasma protein, it is COLLAGEN that is the most abundant protein in the body.

37

Other substances, such as waste products, ions, nutrients, and gasses comprise _____% of plasma.

2%

38

Lifespan on thrombocytes

8-10 days

39

Lifespan of Neutrophils in blood

4-8 hours

40

Lifespan of Neutrophils in tissues

4-5 days

41

Lifespan of Macrophages in blood

10-20 days

42

Lifespan of Macrophages in tissues

around 3 months

43

Thrombocytopenia permitting resistive exercises.

At least 50,000 cells per cubic millimeter

44

Thrombocytopenia permitting progressive ambulation.

At least 20,000 cells per cubic millimeter