Notes: Ancient Greece & Iliad Intro Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Notes: Ancient Greece & Iliad Intro Deck (30):
1

Ancient Greece was from ___ - ___.

3000 BC
146 BC

2

The ___ lived on the island of ___ and influenced the Greek world from ___ - ___.

Minoans
Crete
3000 BC - 1100 BC

3

The ___ were a ruling group on the Greek mainland from ___ - ___.

Mycenaeans
1600 BC - 1100 BC

4

During ___, the ___ invaded Greece (no ___ evidence survived during this period). It was from ___ - ___.

the Dark Age
Dorians
written
1100 BC - 800 BC

5

The Greeks established major colonies on ___, ___, and other areas throughout the ___. This was in ___ BC.

Sicily
southern Italy
Mediterranean
800 BC

6

What people group did the Greek written alphabet come from?
How were that associated with the Greeks?

Phoenicians
trading

7

What were city-states?
What was another name for city states?

independent cities that functioned as countries
polis

8

What were the two main Greek city-states?

Sparta & Athens

9

Who is Homer?
What is he accredited with writing?
What time did he probably live around?

blind poet
The Iliad & The Odyssey
750 BC (when The Iliad & The Odyssey were written)

10

___ was an epic poem that was put down in written form, probably by ___, in ___.

The Iliad
Homer
the late 8th century BC

11

What type of religion were Greeks?

polytheistic

12

Greeks believed that first there was chaos and then ___ was brought into being followed by ___, ___, and ___.

night
love
light
day

13

Who was brought into existence first?

Gaea (earth goddess)

14

Gaea had the ___ who took control led by ___.

Titans
Cronus

15

Where did Zeus as well as the other gods and goddesses live?

on Mount Olympus

16

goddess of love and beauty

Aphrodite

17

the archer god; god of light and healing/sickness

Apollo

18

god of war

Ares

19

goddess of wisdom and war

Athena

20

ruler of the dead and the underworld; brother of Zeus

Hades

21

goddess of marriage; wife of Zeus

Hera

22

messenger god

Hermes

23

sea goddess; wife of King Peleus and mother of Achilles

Thetis

24

most powerful of the gods and goddesses; ruler of the air

Zeus

25

god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses; brother of Zeus and Hades

Poseidon

26

Based on history, legend, and mythology when was the Trojan War?

1250 BC

27

Who was the Trojan War between?

Greeks (Mycenaean) & Trojans (people of Troy)

28

How did the Trojan War start?

Paris stole Helen from King Menelaus as well as some of Sparta's gold

29

Who were the three goddesses involved in the golden apple?

Hera, Aphrodite, & Athena

30

What was Paris's prophecy?

he would be the destruction of Troy