Flashcards in Notes: Ancient Greece & Iliad Intro Deck (30):
Ancient Greece was from ___ - ___.
The ___ lived on the island of ___ and influenced the Greek world from ___ - ___.
3000 BC - 1100 BC
The ___ were a ruling group on the Greek mainland from ___ - ___.
1600 BC - 1100 BC
During ___, the ___ invaded Greece (no ___ evidence survived during this period). It was from ___ - ___.
the Dark Age
1100 BC - 800 BC
The Greeks established major colonies on ___, ___, and other areas throughout the ___. This was in ___ BC.
What people group did the Greek written alphabet come from?
How were that associated with the Greeks?
What were city-states?
What was another name for city states?
independent cities that functioned as countries
What were the two main Greek city-states?
Sparta & Athens
Who is Homer?
What is he accredited with writing?
What time did he probably live around?
The Iliad & The Odyssey
750 BC (when The Iliad & The Odyssey were written)
___ was an epic poem that was put down in written form, probably by ___, in ___.
the late 8th century BC
What type of religion were Greeks?
Greeks believed that first there was chaos and then ___ was brought into being followed by ___, ___, and ___.
Who was brought into existence first?
Gaea (earth goddess)
Gaea had the ___ who took control led by ___.
Where did Zeus as well as the other gods and goddesses live?
on Mount Olympus
goddess of love and beauty
the archer god; god of light and healing/sickness
god of war
goddess of wisdom and war
ruler of the dead and the underworld; brother of Zeus
goddess of marriage; wife of Zeus
sea goddess; wife of King Peleus and mother of Achilles
most powerful of the gods and goddesses; ruler of the air
god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses; brother of Zeus and Hades
Based on history, legend, and mythology when was the Trojan War?
Who was the Trojan War between?
Greeks (Mycenaean) & Trojans (people of Troy)
How did the Trojan War start?
Paris stole Helen from King Menelaus as well as some of Sparta's gold
Who were the three goddesses involved in the golden apple?
Hera, Aphrodite, & Athena