Flashcards in Nursing Metaparadigm & Nursing Models Deck (25):
What is concept?
Abstract ideas of a phenomena, object, event or reality
What is philosophy?
Set of beliefs and assumptions unique to each person.
Attempts to answer questions about our ideas.
IN NURSING: it is a foundation for developing and clarifying ideas.
What is conceptualization?
Inventing an idea/explanation and formulating it mentally
What is proposition?
Plan suggested for acceptance
What is phenomenon?
Occurrence, circumstance, fact that is perceptive by the senses
What is philosophical thinking?
Raises, explores, attempts to answer questions based on our ideas about our experience, the universe, human affaires.
Three concepts of philosophical thinking?
1. identifying and questioning assumptions
2. clarifying how concepts are used and how they have meaning.
3. assessing arguments made to defend or critique certain ways of thinking.
Philosophical thinking in nursing?
provides foundation for development and analysis or nursing knowledge
What is paradigm (world view)
particular way of thinking based on a specific set of beliefs, values and assumptions.
What is metaparadigm?
identifies concepts central to the discipline but does not relate them to a certain world view.
higher level of concept than paradigm
4 concepts of conceptual/philosophical framework of nursing metaparadigm?
Person (patient): recipient of nursing care, family, community
Environment: internal and external surroundings that influence patients
Health: degree of wellness/well-being of patient
Nursing: actions of nurse providing care to patients
What is theory?
Provides structured view for explaining, predicting, and prescribing a phenomena
components of theory: phenomenon, concept, assumption
What is assumption?
Something taken as true without proof
What is nursing theory?
Reflects a particular understanding of nursing. Describes, explains, predicts, prescribes nursing care
Conceptual framework (nursing theories)
link major nursing concepts and phenomena to direct nursing decisions.
what are 2 practice-based theories
What are 2 needs theories?
Advantages to theories?
generate nursing knowledge
direct how to use nursing process
adaptable to different patients, care, settings
helps organize data about patient in a particular way
decide what is important
What is evidence?
information acquired through research and scientific evaluation of practice
What is evidence-based practice?
Integration of: expert opinion, external scientific evidence, and client/patient/caregiver perspectives
What is research?
application of systematic, scientific methods to study phenomena and generate knowledge.
approach used will depend on the world view
Nursing and research?
must base professional practice on scientific knowledge that must be updated continuously
Purpose of research?
expand knowledge base for practicing and education
nursing research informs nursing practice
Steps in conducting research?
1. state problem
2. define purpose
3. literature review
4. formulate hypothesis
5. select a design
6. select population
7. conduct pilot study
8. collect data
9. analyze data
10. interpret findings
11. communicate results