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Flashcards in NUTRIENTS Deck (20)
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1

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR CARBOHYDRATES

pasta
porridge
potatoes
lentils
fruit

2

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR FIBRE

baked beans
bran flake cereal
skin of fruit and veg
wholemeal bread

3

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR PROTIEN

chicken
eggs
fish
soy products
whole grains
brown rice

4

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR MONOUNSATURATED FAT

olive oil
avocado
nuts
canola oil

5

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR POLYUNSATURATED FAT

fish
soy and canola oil
seeds
nuts
corn

6

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR SATURATED FAT

fatty meats
full cream milk
cream
cheese
fried takeaway
cakes

7

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR TRANS FAT

pies
pastries
cakes
dairy (small amount)
beef (small amount)

8

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR WATER

water
most fruit and veg
(all food and drink)

9

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR CALCIUM

dairy products
green leafy veg (spinach, broccoli)
fish (sardines)
fortified orange juice

10

NAME 4 SOURCES FOR VITAMIN D

UV from sun
fish
fortified milk
cheese (small)

11

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR SODIUM

salt
fish
olives
cheese
meat (pork)

12

NAME 4 FOOD SOURCES FOR PHOSPHORUS

milk
cheese
youghurt
meat
eggs
fish

13

HOW MANY KJ OF ENERGY DO CARBOHYDRATES HAVE

16 KJ per gram

14

HOW MANY KJ OF ENERGY DOES PROTEIN HAVE

17 KJ per gram

15

HOW MANY KJ OF ENERGY DO FATS HAVE

37 KJ per gram

16

WHAT IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF FIBRE

Adding bulk to feces to keep the digestive system regular. Also promotes feelings of fullness and therefore reducing overeating.

17

WHAT IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF CARBOHYDRATES

Primary source of fuel for energy.

18

WHAT IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF PROTIEN

Primary function is to provide fuel for cell growth and muscle repair. Secondary source of fuel for energy.

19

WHAT IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF POLY/MONOUNSATURATED FATS

Decreases low density lipoprotein (LDL) or the bad cholesterol. Polyunsaturated fats also prevent blood from clotting and promotes elasticity of blood vessels.

20

WHAT IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF TRANS AND SATURATED FATS

Increases low density lipoprotien (LDL).