Flashcards in Nutrients Deck (15):
What is a macronutrient ?
Structural caloric components we are most familiar with like carbohydrates or proteins
What is a micronutrient ?
Vitamins and minerals essential for good health
What is a carbohydrates role in the body ?
To provide glucose for respiration
What is fat used for in the body ?
They insulate us and protect our vital organs
What is protein used for in the body ?
It builds and repairs tissue
What is the role of vitamin e in the body ?
It protects cells from damage
What is the role of vitamin a in the body ?
It promotes bone growth
What is the role of calcium in the body ?
It strengthens bones
What is the role of potassium in the body ?
It is used to build proteins
What is the role of fibre in the body ?
It helps the body with digestion
What is the role of water in the body ?
It is used to regulate body temperature and other bodily functions
What is the definition if energy balance ?
The relationship between the intake of food and the output of work
What is the definition of optimum body weight ?
A weight that is deemed to be maximally healthy for a person
What does carboloading mean ?
Eating extra carbohydrates before an event in order to have the maximum amount of energy during the event