Nutrients Flashcards Preview

PE > Nutrients > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrients Deck (15):
1

What is a macronutrient ?

Structural caloric components we are most familiar with like carbohydrates or proteins

2

What is a micronutrient ?

Vitamins and minerals essential for good health

3

What is a carbohydrates role in the body ?

To provide glucose for respiration

4

What is fat used for in the body ?

They insulate us and protect our vital organs

5

What is protein used for in the body ?

It builds and repairs tissue

6

What is the role of vitamin e in the body ?

It protects cells from damage

7

What is the role of vitamin a in the body ?

It promotes bone growth

8

What is the role of calcium in the body ?

It strengthens bones

9

What is the role of potassium in the body ?

It is used to build proteins

10

What is the role of fibre in the body ?

It helps the body with digestion

11

What is the role of water in the body ?

It is used to regulate body temperature and other bodily functions

12

What is the definition if energy balance ?

The relationship between the intake of food and the output of work

13

What is the definition of optimum body weight ?

A weight that is deemed to be maximally healthy for a person

14

What does carboloading mean ?

Eating extra carbohydrates before an event in order to have the maximum amount of energy during the event

15

What are the factors that will vary a performer's weight

Height, gender and age