Nutrition Flashcards Preview

Nursing fundamentals > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (38):
1

what is a normal BMI?

18.5-24.9

2

What is an underweight BMI?

<18.5

3

What is an overweight BMI?

25-29.9

4

What is The BMI for Obesity I, II, and extreme obesity?

I 30.0-34.9

II 35.0-39.9

Extreme 40.0 +

5

what is the total RDA of carbs recommended?

45%-65%

6

What is the RDA for protein, and how much per kg?

10%-20%

0.8g/kg

7

What is the RDA for fats?
Sat fat?

20-35%
Less than 10%

8

What is the RDA for cholesterol?

>300mg/day

9

What are the sources of vitamin C?

What are its functions?

citrus fruits, broccoli, greenpepper, strawberries, greens


Collagen formation, antioxidants, enhances iron absorption

10

What are the sources of Thiamin?

What are it's funcitons?

Pork, liver, whole and enriched grains, legumes

Coenzyme in key reations that produce energy from glucose

11

What are the sources of Riboflavin?

What are its functions?

Milk, organ meats, enriched grains, and greens

carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism

12

What are the sources of Niacin?

What are its functions?

Kidney, grains, lean meant, nuts

Carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism

13

What are the sources of B6?

What are its functions?

yeast, banana, canteloupe, broccoli, spinach

Coenzyme in protein, fat, carbohydrate metabolism

14

What are the sources of Folate?

What are its functions?

Green leafy vegetables, liver

RNA and DNA synthesis, formation and maturation of RBC

15

What are the sources of B12?

What are its functions?

Animal Products: organ meats and seafood

Coenzyme in protein metabolism and formation of heme portion of hemoglobin

16

What are the sources of Pantothenic acid?

What are its functions ?

Widespread in foods, meat, poultry, fish, whole grain cereals

Carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism

17

What are the sources of Biotin?

What are its functions?

Liver and egg yolk

Carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism

18

What are the sources of Vitamin A?

What are its functions?

Liver, carrots, egg yolk, fortified milk

Visual acuity in dim light, immune function,. and formation and maintenence of skin and mucous membranes

19

What are the sources of Vitamin D?

What are its functions??

Sunlight, fortified milk, fish and liver oils

Cacium and phosphorus metabolism, stimulates calcium absorption

20

What are the sources of Vitamin E?

What are its functions?

Vegetable oils, wheat germ, whole grains

antioxidant, protects vitamin A, heme synthesis

21

What are the sources of Vitamin K?

What are its functions?

Dark, green leafy vegetables, synthesized in intestines and from gut bacteria

synthesis of proteins needed for blood clotting

22

What are the sources of Calcium?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

Milk and dairy products, canned fish with bones, greens

bone and tooth formation, nerve transmission, muscle contraction

1000 mg

23

What are the sources of Phosporus?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

Milk and Milk products, soft drinks, processed foods

bone and tooth formation, acid - base balance, energy metabolism

700 mg

24

What are the sources of Magnesium?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

Green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans, grains

bone and tooth formation, protein synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism

310-420 mg

25

What are the sources of Sulfur?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

Meat, eggs, milk, dried peas and beans, nuts

promotes enzyme reactions and detoxification reactions

Provided by adequate amounts of protein

26

What are the sources of Sodium?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

salt, processed foods

major ion of extracellular fluid, fluid balance, acid-base balance

1500 mg

27

What are the sources of Potassium?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

whole grains, fruits, leafy vegetables

major ion of intracellular fluid. fluid balance, acid-base balance

4700 mg

28

What are the sources of chloride?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

salt

component of HCL in stomach, fluid balance, acid-base balance

2300 mg

29

What are the sources of iron?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

liver, lean meats, enriched and whole grain breads and cereals

oxygen transport by way of hemoglobin, constituent of enzyme systems

8-18 mg

30

What are the sources of Iodine?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

iodized salt, seafood, and food additives

component of thyroid hormones

150 mg

31

What are the sources of zinc?

what are its functions?

What is the RDA?

oysters, liver, meats, dried peas, beans, and nuts

tissue growth, sexual maturation , immune response

8-11 mg


32

What are the sources of Copper?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

Liver, shellfish, grains, dried peas and beans

Aids in iron metabolism, and activity of some enzymes

900 mg

33

What are the sources of Manganese?

What are its functions ?

What is the RDA?

Whole grains, nuts, dried peas and beans, fruit

Part of enzymes needed for protein and energy metabolism

1.8-2.3 mg

34

What are the sources of Floride?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

Fluoridated water, fish, tea

Tooth formation and integrety, bone formation and integrety

3-4 mg

35

What are the sources of Chromium?

What are its functions ??

What is the RDA?

whole grains, meats

cofactor for insulin, proper glucose metabolism

25-35 mg

36

What are the sources of Selinium?

What are its functions?

What is the RDA?

Wheat if grown in the right soil, organ meats

antioxidant

55 mcg

37

What are the sources of Molybdenum?

What are its functions ?

What is the RDA?

Liver, whole grains, dried peas and beans, organ meats

Oxidizes sulfur and products of sulfer metabolism

45 mg

38

What are the sources of Cobalt?

What are its functions ??

What is the RDA?

Organ meats

Essential component of vitamin B12

Unknown