Nutrition and Fitness (Cardiovascular System) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutrition and Fitness (Cardiovascular System) Deck (25):
1

Nutrient

A substance that the body needs to regulate bodily functions, promote growth, repair body tissues, and obtain energy

2

Metabolism

Chemical process by which your body breaks down food to release this energy

3

Aerobic Exercise

WITH the presence of oxygen. Can continue without immediate fatigue

4

Anaerobic Exercise

Lack of oxygen and produces waste. High intensity interval training

5

3 Types of Carbohydrates

Simple Carbs, Complex Carbs, Fibers

6

2 Types of Fat

Unsaturated fats, saturated fats

7

Muscular Endurance

Sustained muscle contractions. Less than 90 seconds

8

Muscular Strength

Amount of force to an applied resistance. 0-15 seconds

9

Flexibility

Ability to extend or flex at a joint. Improves posture and prevent injuries.

10

Body Composition

Percentage of bone, fat, muscle, and water in your body. Muscle and bone are denser than fat

11

Cardiovascular Endurance

Aerobic exercises for a prolonged period of time. Efficiency of circulatory and respiratory systems working for 90+ seconds

12

What does FITT stand for?

1. Frequency
2. Intensity
3. Time
4. Type

13

What does the FITT principle help you do?

Plan your workout and achieve your fitness goals

14

6 Classes of Nutrients

Supply energy: Carbohydrates, fats, proteins
Help Process: Vitamins, minerals, and water

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Specificity

How you train to benefit your goals

16

Overload

Adding weight so you earn more muscular strength

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Progression

Increasing the amount of weight as you progress in your workout

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Exercises benefitting fat burn

Cardio (Running, swimming)

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Compound Exercises

Exercises that work more than one specific muscle

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Isolated Exercise

Exercises that work a specific muscle

21

Blood Vessels

Artery: Carries blood away from the heart
Veins: Take blood back to the heart

22

Parts of Blood

Plasma: 55% water
Red blood cells: Carry oxygen
White blood cells: Fight disease
Platelets: Help clotting

23

Unsaturated fats

Mostly liquid at room temperature. Vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds. Monounsaturated fats and Polyunsaturated

24

5 Components of Fitness

Body Composition, Cardiovascular Endurance, Muscular Endurance, Muscular Strength, and Flexibility

25

How does oxygen travel though your body?

From the mouth or nose, to the lungs, to the heart, to all the body, back to the heart, back to the lungs and out