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Flashcards in Nutrition Ch. 1 Deck (38)
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1

What is nutrition

The science of food and its relationship to Health

Process whereby the body takes in and uses food for growth, development, and maintenance of health

2

What is health

Who defined as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not just the absence of diseases or infirmity

3

Primary

Implementing practices that are likely to avert the occurrence of diseases

4

Secondary

Establish monitoring techniques to discover diseases early to control their effects on the body

5

Tertiary

Use treatment techniques after a disease has occurred to prevent complications

6

6 Nutrients/Essentially

Carbohydrates
fats
proteins
minerals
vitamins
water

7

What is not a class of nutrients?

Alcohol and fiber

8

What is a class of nutrients?

Carbohydrate
fat
protein
vitamins

9

Essential nutrient

Called essential if the human body requires it and cannot manufacture it in sufficient amounts to meet bodily needs

10

Example of essential nutrient

Vitamin C and vitamin a, calcium

11

Functions of nutrients

Serve as a source of energy or heat
Support the growth and maintenance of tissue
Aid in the regulation of basic body processes

12

One function of nutrients is

Regulation of body processes

13

The top of energy stored in foods is

Chemical

14

Which of the following are not energy and nutrients

Vitamins and minerals

15

Nutrition is both

A preventive and a therapeutic science

16

Body composition

The body is composed of five types of substances and one is a minor substance

17

Five types of substances

Water
Protein
Fat
Ash
Carbohydrate

18

MyPlate

Reduces risks for obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and other chronic diseases

19

Malnutrition

Investing too much or too little of a new trick can interfere with health and well-being

20

Food insecurity

Limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods are uncertain ability to acquire food

21

What is nutritional status

Refers to the bodies condition related to the intake and use of nutrients

22

License speech pathologists help with

Treat swallowing disorders along with other non-nutrition related disorders

23

Assessment subjective data

This data as they’re related to nutrition include the clients history from an interview or questionnaire

24

Objective data

Physical examination including general appearance

25

Which is subjective data

Nausea

26

Which is objective data

Laboratory report of albumin level

27

Triceps skinfold

Measures body fat

28

Abdominal circumference

Measures at the belly button accumulating fluid in the abdominal cavity called ascites

29

Which of the following anthropometric measures estimates percent of body fat

Triceps skinfold

30

Body mass index

Determines people in the overweight range or if they are obese