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Flashcards in Objectives Deck (51):
1

what are the 2 classifications to joint

simple, skeletal

2

how many articulating surfaces are in simple

2

3

how many components are in composite

3 or more

4

3 categories of joint

fibrous joints, catilaginous joints, synovial joints (synarthroses, cartilaginous, diaarthroses)

5

which category of joint has a joint cavity

synovial (diarthroses)

6

what are the subtypes of fibrous joints

syndemoses, sutures, gomphoses

7

subtypes of catilagenous joints

hyaline cartilage ( synchondroses )
fibrocartilage (symphyses)

8

5 comonents of synovial joints

joint capsule, joint cavity, synovial membrane, synovial fluid, articular cartilage (hyaline)

9

define synchondrosis

the use of cartilage in putting together the joints. In synchondrosis hyaline cartilage is not just a component, but it is what actually holds the joint together (firmer joint)

10

what is synostosis

a bony union is created when skeletal components are united by osseous tissue

11

3 things that synovial fluid does

lubricate, nourish, gets rid of waste

12

locations of syndesmoses

radio-ulnar syndesmosis, tibial-fibular syndesmosis, **

13

list the joints of the body that have intracapsular ligaments

coxal, genual, tarsal, and carpal joints

14

what joints contain articular menisci

genual joint

15

joints containing articular disks

S.T.A.R. - sternoclavicular, tempromandibular, acromioclavicular, radiocarpal joints

16

where are capsular ligaments located

shoulder joint, hip joints

17

in what joints are extracapsular ligaments located

knee joint, metacarpophalangeal joint, interphalangeal joint

18

in which joints are intracapsular ligaments located

joints of the heads of ribs, hip joint, knee joint, carpal joint, tarsal joints

19

name the joints of the head

sutures, synchondroses, dentoalveolar joints, temproromandibular joint, atlanto-occipital joint, all associated with auditory ossicle

20

name the joints of the vertevra

atlanto-axial joint, zygapophyseal joint, intervetrvral symphyses

21

name the joints of the thoracic cage

costotransverse joint, costochondral joint, sternocostal joint, interchondral joint, minubriosternal symphysis, xiphisternal synchondrosis

22

how many joints of the superior limb

21 joints

23

Only joint in superior limb not synovial

the radio-ulnar syndesmosis

24

joints of pectoral girdle

stenoclavicular, acromioclavicular

25

joints of the elbow

humero-ulnar, humeroradial, proximal radio-ulnar

26

joints of the carpals

radiocarpal, intercarpal, joint of the pisiform bone, middle carpal, caropmetacarpal (1-5)

27

Joints of the free parts of the limb

shoulder, cubuits joint, humeroradio jt, humeroulnar jt, radioulnar jt,n radio-ulnar syndesmosis, distal radio-ulnar, radiocarpal, carpometacarpal jt, middle carpal jt, intermetacarpal (3) metacarophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, distal phalangeal jt, pisiform bone jt

28

the interphalangeal joints

prosimal interphalangeal(2-5), distal interphalangeal(2-5), interphalangeal joint of the thumb

29

which joints in the inferior limb are not synovial

tibiofibular syndesmoses, and pubic symphysis

30

joints of the tarsels

talocrural joint, intertarsal joint, transverse tarsal joint, tarsometatarsal joint (1-5)

31

Joints of the interphalangeal

proximal interphalangeal joint, distal interphalangeal joint, interphalangeal joint of the hallux

32

joints of the inferior limb

pubic symphysis, sacroiliac joint, cosal, genual, tibiofibular, fibiofibular syndesmosis, tarsal joints, intermetatarsal joint(4 total), metatarsophalangeal joints, interphalangeal joints

33

Why is there no distal tibiofibualr joint

because the joint is not synovial,. pg 206-207

34

arthritis

joint inflammation

35

traumatic arthritis

caused by physical damage to joint components

36

arthrocentesis

drainage of fluid ( joint puncture) - pain often returns after joint is put back in place

37

Degenerative arthritis

occurs as an age realated phenomenon

38

infectious arthritis

joint is invaded by infections organisms

39

rheumatoid arthritis

chronic proliferativet ype of synovial joint arthritis that involves defects in connective tissue

40

gouty arthritis

synovial joint inflammation resulting from depost of urate crystals within the joint cavity

41

Luxation

when parts of the joint are no longer attached in dislocations

42

subluxation

when a components of a joint are still attached in a dislocation

43

synostosis

bony fusion of a joint

44

arthrotomy

surgical invastion of a joint

45

arthroscopy

surgical procedure, small incision, and results in less tissue damage and faster post op recovery

46

intervertebral disc disease

when the nucleus pulposus of an intervertebral disc puts pressure on adjacent spinal nerves or directly on the spinal cord itself by bulging or protruding completely through the anulus fibrosus

47

kyphosis

hunch backed

48

lordosis

exaggeration of the lumbar curvature which results in anterior protuberance of the chest

49

scoliosis

lateral curvature of the vertebral column

50

clinical hyperextension

occurs when a joint is forced to extend further than its physiological limits

51

what are the 7 types of synovial joints

spheroidal, ellipsoid, bicondylar, ginglymus, trochoid, sellar, planar