Observational learning: Bandura's social learning theories and experiments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Observational learning: Bandura's social learning theories and experiments Deck (12):
1

What did Bandura rename the social learning theory to and why?

social cognitive theory to emphasise the importance of cognition (attention and memory) in the learning process.

2

Aim of 1965 exp?

: to see whether aggressive behaviour can be acquired through observational learning; and to see gender differences

3

Participants?

4 year old preschoolers, male and female.

4

Procedure.

Watched a movie in which an adult man physically and verbally abused a Bobo doll.
Earlier, they were allocated evenly by genter to 3 groups depending on how the man was reinforced (positive reinforcement, positive punishment or no consequence)
THen children were put in a room containing the toys (and the Bobo doll). Sometimes they were reinforced for modelling the behaviour, other times they werent. Number of aggressive responses were recorded

5

Results: what happened when children were are were not reinforced?

When they were not reinforced there were more aggressive acts for when they saw the man being positively reinforced or not reinforced.
When they were reinforced, the difference in violent acts was eliminated (suggesting that initially behaviour was acquired but not reproduced, and that the reinforcement motivated them to imitate it

6

Results: differences between boys and girls?

Boys showed more aggressive acts than girls, but when they were all reinforced the girls were almost as aggressive as them. =

7

How did the use of male or female models affect the participants?

Gender roles expressed in their responses to models:females said “that’s not a way for a lady to behave” and males said ”that man is a strong fighter”
Boys imitaed aggression more from male models, girls imitated physical aggression more from male models, and verbal aggression more from female models.

8

4 ethical issues?

Voluntary participation
Informed consent
Withdrawal rights
Debriefing

9

Explain voluntary participation

Parts did not volunteer - were selected because they were students at the local nursery school

10

Explain informed consent

None obtained from parents or guardiains

11

Explain withdrawal rights

Not given

12

Explain debriefing

Did not occur - lasting harm may have been caused from the aggression