Occupational Dermatology Flashcards Preview

Clinical Occupational Medicine > Occupational Dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Occupational Dermatology Deck (22):
1

80% of all occupational skin disorders are?

contact dermatitis: either irritant or allergic

2

Skin disorders constitute __% of reported occupational disease?

30-35%

3

Atopic workers are at risk for?

irritant contact dermatitis

4

Most (70-80%) of contact dermatitis is primarily?

irritant contact dermatitis ICD

5

Type IV hypersensitivity is associated with?

allergic contact dermatitis ACD

6

ACD frequent causes include:

metals, resins, fluxes, plants, rubber products

7

T or F: Atopics are higher risk for ACD?

False. Higher risk for ICD, not ACD.

8

Hydroflouric acid is used in which industries?

printing, glass etching, wood etching, rust remover

9

Hydroflouric acid toxicity:

severe, non-apparent burns below skin; pulmonary edema, systemic hypocalcemia/hypomagnesemia; systemic hyperkalemia; V-fib

10

Pathophysiology of HF toxicity is:

liquefaction necrosis

11

Treatment of HF dermal:

benzalkonium chloride; calcium gluconate

12

Treatment of HF systemic:

10% calcium gluconate by IV; monitor cardiac, lytes

13

"Rose gardener's disease" is associated with:

sporothrix schenckii

14

What is classic sporotrichosis lesion?

non-tender ulcerating nodule, secondary lymphatic nodules.

15

Chloracne is associated with exposure to:

halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons such as dioxin and PCB and herbicides.

16

Chloracne skin lesions may last up to?

15 years

17

Scrotal cancer is associated with what exposure?

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs (byproducts of fossil fuel combustion)

18

Examples of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons:

asphalt, coal, oil, mineral, shale.

19

Squamous cell carcinoma: sunlight exposure is synergistic with ____?

PAHs

20

Acro-osteolysis is associated with which exposure?

vinyl chloride monomer VC

21

What is main risk factor for malignant melanoma?

UV exposure

22

What is main risk factor for basal cell carcinoma?

sunlight ONLY!