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Flashcards in ocular manifestations of systemic disease Deck (31):
1

what are cotton wool spots?

retinal ischemia

2

Retinal blood vessels leak

Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy

3

what does tissue hypoxia result in?

neovascularization

4

Neovascularization, vitreous hemorrhage, fibrous proliferation

proliferative diabetic retinopathy

5

shower of floaters or cobwebs; sudden loss of vision may decr to LP only

vitreous hemorrhage

6

can macular edema, vitreous hemorrhage, or traction retinal detachment be seen with both nonproliferative and proliferative DR?

macular edema

7

in terms of tx, ichemic maculopathy is _____ whereas macular edema is ______

irreversible; treatable

8

not only does photocoagulation prevent further neovascularization, but is also reduces risk of _____ and ____

vitreous hemorrhage and traction retinal detachment

9

what can vitrectomy be used for?

management of vitreous hemorrhage or retinal detachment

10

what can improve macualr edema secondary to DM?

diuresis and BP control

11

elevated serum lipids are associated with?

retinal hard exudates

12

relationship b/w PDR and diabetic nephropathy

PDR increases risk for diabetic nephropathy

13

how to tx macular edema

focal macular laser

14

how to tx PDR?

panretinal photcoagulation

15

Thickening/fibrosis-->Copper wiring/silver wiring light reflex broadens

arteriolar sclerosis

16

most sensitive optho indications for HTN retinopathy

1. attenuation of arterioles
2. focal narrowing
3. AV changes

17

hard exudates, CWS, hemorrhages - what stage of ocular HTN

grade 3

18

disc edema secondary to HTN

grade 4

19

most common cause of unilateral or bilateral exophtalmos in adult

thryoid disease

20

Circumcorneal injxn, pain, INTENSE Photophobia, decr vision, mitotic pupil

iritis

21

focal, non caseating granuloma; conjunctival, lacrimal

sarcoidosis

22

candlewax drippings in choroiditis

sarcoidosis

23

what ocular manifestations are assc'd with RA?

dry eyes, episcleritis, scleritis, corneal ulcers

24

what is the most common manifestation of CT disorders

dry eyes

25

o HA, scalp tenderness, jaw claudication, polymyalgia rheumatica

giant cell arteritis

26

tx of giant cell arteritis

immediate high dose steroids daily

27

o scintillating scotoma, amaurosis fugax, transient cortical blindness, homonymous hemianopia

migraine

28

temporary arterial obstruction

amaurosis fugax

29

what kind of vision loss does amaurosis fugax result in?

sudden, transient; monocular dimming of vision

30

leading cause of visual loss in AIDS

CMV retinitis

31

what ocular manifestations are ass'cd with AIDS (2)

1. cotton wool spots
2. CMV retinitis