older adult Flashcards Preview

NRS 101 final > older adult > Flashcards

Flashcards in older adult Deck (26):
1

what are the variability among older adults

Physiological, cognitive, and psychosocial health
Levels of functional ability
Dependence vs. independence
Strengths and abilities

2

what are some myths and stereotypes of older adults

Ill, disabled, and unattractive
Forgetful, confused, rigid, boring, and unfriendly
Unable to learn and understand new information
Not interested in sex or sexual activities

3

what do the myths and stereotypes of older adults demostrate

ageism, which is discrimination against people because of increasing age.

4

what are structural and functional changes of the older adult

failing health and physical strength

5

what are developmental tasks for older adults

self acceptance
structural and functional changes
death
retiremtn
living arrangement

6

what are some interview techniques of older adults

sit or stand at eye level
face them while speaking
brigh lighting
encourage to use their familiar assistive devices

7

what are physiological changes of the older adult

Perception of well-being defines quality of life.
Older patients’ concept of health revolves around how they perceive their ability to function.
Nurses need to be cognizant of normal age-related changes.
Not all physiological changes are pathological.

8

what is delirium

acute confusional state

9

what is dementia

generalized impairment of intellectual functioning

10

what is depression

a mood disturbance characterized by feelings of sadness and despair

11

what are psychosocial changes of the older adult

retirement
social isolation
sexuality
housing and environment
death

12

what are the goals of the healthy people 2010

Increasing the number with one or more chronic conditions who report confidence in maintaining their conditions
Reducing the number with moderate to severe functional limitations
Reducing the number of emergency department visits resulting from falls
Increasing the number who live at home but have unmet long-term services and support
Increasing the number with reduced physical or cognitive function who engage in leisure-term physical activities

13

what are some health promotion preventive measure of the older adult

Participation in screening activities
Regular exercise
Weight reduction, if overweight
Eating a low-fat, well-balanced diet
Moderate alcohol use
Regular dental visits
Smoking cessation
Immunizations

14

what do acute care settings pose risks for adverse events

Delirium
Dehydration
Malnutrition
Health care–associated infections
Urinary incontinence
Falls

15

what is restorative care

continues recovery from acute illness
addresses chronic conditions that affect daily functioning and the goal is to improve ADL

16

what are biological theories of agains

Biological theories are attempts to explain why physical changes of aging occur at cellular level, some examples are autoimmune reactions, wear and tear theories, and error theory.

17

what are psychosocial theories of aging

Psychosocial theories are attempt to explain why older adults have different response to aging process, some examples are disengagement theory, activity theory, and continuity theory.

18

what are health concerns for older adults

Health concerns would be sleep disorders, incontinence, confusion, evidence of falls, problems with eating and skin breakdown

19

what are nursing interventions related to physiological cognitive and psychosocial changes of agains

Some nursing interventions are therapeutic communication, touch, validation therapy, reminiscence, body image interventions and reality orientation.

20

What were the most frequently diagnosed chronic conditions occurring in 2005 to 2007?

arthritis, hypertension, and types of heart disease, and cancer, and diabetes.

21

What are the factors that contribute to the projected increase in number of older adults?

Factors that contribute to the projected increase in number of older adults is the aging of the baby-boom generation and the growth of the population segment over age 85.

22


What are some principles for promoting older-adult learning?

Some principles would be make sure they are ready to learn before trying to teach, present one idea at a time, speak slowly, keep environmental distractions to a minimum and sit facing them.

23

What is Reality Orientation?

Reality Orientation is the therapeutic modality for restoring an individual's sense of the present.

24

What is Reminiscence?

Reminiscence is the recalling the past to assign new meaning to past experiences.

25

What is Polypharmacy and why is it a potential issue for older adults?

Polypharmacy is the use of a number of different drugs by a patient who may have one or several health problems. It is a potential tissue because it is causing numerous health problems for older adults, including the risk for adverse drug events, the inappropriate use of medications, and falls.

26

List ways nurses can assess a patient's potential for social isolation.

Nurses assess a patient's potential for social isolation by identifying their social network, access to transportation, and willingness and desire to interact with others.