Oncology Flashcards Preview

MedTech > Oncology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Oncology Deck (46):
1

Cachexia

General ill health and malnutrition associated with chronic diseases

2

Carcinoma in situ

Localized tumor growth

3

Electrocauterization

Burning tissue to destroy it

4

Chemotherapy

Treatment using drugs

5

Cryosurgery

Destruction of tissue using Cold temperatures

6

Cystic tumor

Tumor forms with large open spaces filled with fluid

7

Fibrosarcoma

Malignant tumor of fiber producing cells

8

Follicular

Pertaining to microscopic description of tumor growth in small gland type sacs

9

Fungating tumor

Mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile on one top of another in project from the tissue surface

10

Medullary tumor

Large, soft, fleshy tumor

11

Mucositis

Inflammation of mucous membranes

12

Mutation

Change in genetic material of a cell

13

Mutagenic

Pertaining to producing mutation

14

Necrotic

Tumor containing dead cells

15

Neurofibromatosis

Tumor of fibrous connective tissue surrounding nerve cells

16

Oncology

Study of tumors

17

Papillary

Pertaining to tumors that grow in small nipple like or fingerlike pattern

18

Dysplastic

Pertaining to abnormal growth of cells but not clearly cancerous

19

Pleomorphic

Pertaining to tumors that contain a variety of cell types

20

Protocol

Detailed plan for treatment of illness

21

Polypoid tumor

Tumors grow as projections extending outward from a base

22

Radiation

Use of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease

23

Osteosarcoma

Ligament tumor of bone a.k.a. flesh tissue of bone

24

Scirrhous

Pertaining to hard, densely packed tumors, overgrown with fibrous tissue

25

Xerostomia

Condition of dry mouth

26

Retinoblastoma

Tumor of the retina of the eye which is congenital in a hereditary tumor

27

Neroblastoma

Cancerous tumor of embryonic nervous tissue or a sarcoma composed of neuroblasts and affecting infants and children up to 10 years of age that you were usually arises in the autonomic nervous system

28

Angiogenesis

Formation of blood vessels

29

Adenocarcinoma

Cancerous tumor of glandular tissue

30

Hyperplasia

Condition of increase growth of cells

31

Neoplasm

New growth of the tumor

32

Myelosuppression

Stopping or inhibit the growth of bone marrow tissue this means that blood cells normally formed in bone marrow or not produced

33

Radiotherapy

Are you noising radiation used to treat malignancies

34

Anaplasia

Reversion of cells to a more embryonic type

35

Apoptosis

Programmed cell death

36

Brachytherapy

Implantation of small sealed containers or seeds of radioactive material directly or near tumors

37

Epidermoid

Resembling up a dermal tissue

38

Metastasis

The spread of a malignant tumor from its original location to a distant site

39

Metaplasia

Abnormal transformation of adult differentiated cells to differentiated tissue of another kind

40

Teletherapy

Radiation therapy using high energy beams from a distant sources such as a linear Excelerator or cyclotron

41

BX

Biopsy

42

CA

Cancer

43

DNA

Deoxyribosenucleic acid

44

Mets

Metastases

45

TNM

Tumor, nodes, metastases

46

Alveolar

Pertaining to tumor growth in small microscopic sax