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Flashcards in Ontological Argument Deck (13):

Who presented the ontological argument?



What kind of argument is the ontological?

A priori and deductive


What biblical quote supports Anselm’s argument?

‘The fool says in his heart, there is no god’ Psalm 14:1


On what grounds did Gaunilo criticise Anselm?

Reduction ad absurm


How did Anselm respond to Gaunilo’s criticism?

For god to be the ‘greatest conceivable being’ he must have necessary existence


Which scholar supports Anselm’s ontological argument?

Rene Descartes


What does Descartes say about triangles and how does this relate to God?

A triangle has to have 3 sides etc. These things are necessary to the definition of triangles. Gods existence is necessary for his definition


What did Descartes say god was?

‘Supremely perfect being’


How does Descartes discredit Gaunilo’s criticism?

God is the only being whose essence demands existence


How did Kant refute Descartes’ argument?

Believed existence isn’t a predicate of something because it doesn’t aid in our understanding of what that thing is like
Furthermore, God’s existence can not be proved using reason because he’s transcendent


What quote shows Kant’s objection to the ontological argument?

‘Existence is not a real predicate’


Who argues Kant’s objection fails to disprove the ontological argument and how?

Alvin Plantiga- one must show where the argument goes wrong by identifying some premise in the argument that makes a mistake


What did Ibn Sina say?

‘Anyone who denies the law of non-contradiction should be beaten and burned until he admits that to be beaten is the same as to not be beaten, and to be burned is not the same as to not be burned’