Flashcards in Ontology Deck (15):
How do we are asking a question of ontology?
Whenever we ask ‘what is x’
Where does the meaning of ontology come from?
Two Greek words;
Onta= The really existing things
Logos= order or design
What is ontology(according to Greek definition)
The fundamental order of things
What did Dave Marsh and Paul Furlong believe about ontology?
Your ontology is like a skin not a sweater
Ontology is a set of (1)(2) which (3) the way you (4) the world
What is the Latin for from the earlier
What is the Latin for from the latter
What is the Latin for self evident//taken for granted
What is a paradigm
A world view that underpins a scientific endeavour
What does a schema do?
Shapes the way we look at the world
What is the belief held by ontological realists
The world exists independently of human knowledge, and can be-in principle-be known as it is (or in itself)
Broadly shared by behaviouralist, rational choice, and Marxist approaches
What is the belief held by ontological constructivists?
Our knowledge of the world is constructed, primarily through language
According to ontological constructivists, truth is a what of language?
Property, it is made not found
What do ontological realists believe about truth?
1. Is established when a claim about the world corresponds with reality
2. Establishes when a particular claim fits the facts, e.g when proposition x corresponds with the real thing, x=X