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Flashcards in Ontology Deck (15):
1

How do we are asking a question of ontology?

Whenever we ask ‘what is x’

2

Where does the meaning of ontology come from?

Two Greek words;
Onta= The really existing things
Logos= order or design

3

What is ontology(according to Greek definition)

The fundamental order of things

4

What did Dave Marsh and Paul Furlong believe about ontology?

Your ontology is like a skin not a sweater

5

Ontology is a set of (1)(2) which (3) the way you (4) the world

Necessary
Presuppositions
Shapes
See

6

What is the Latin for from the earlier

A priori

7

What is the Latin for from the latter

A posteriori

8

What is the Latin for self evident//taken for granted

Axiomatic

9

What is a paradigm

A world view that underpins a scientific endeavour

10

What does a schema do?

Shapes the way we look at the world

11

What is the belief held by ontological realists

The world exists independently of human knowledge, and can be-in principle-be known as it is (or in itself)
Broadly shared by behaviouralist, rational choice, and Marxist approaches

12

What is the belief held by ontological constructivists?

Our knowledge of the world is constructed, primarily through language

13

According to ontological constructivists, truth is a what of language?

Property, it is made not found

14

What do ontological realists believe about truth?

1. Is established when a claim about the world corresponds with reality
2. Establishes when a particular claim fits the facts, e.g when proposition x corresponds with the real thing, x=X

15

What do ontological constructivists believe about truth?

1. Imply a consensus theory of truth
2. Truth is dependent on a background consensus in society about the particular meaning of terms