Flashcards in Ophthalmic Meds in Small Animals Deck (54)
What are ocular anesthetic agents used for?
Procedures that might cause ocular discomfort, provide temporary pain relief
What are ocular anesthetic agents?
How long do topical ocular anesthetic agents last?
If you have to perform a Schirmer tear test, when should you give an ocular anesthetic agent?
After the STT (can affect test results)
What drug is commonly used to dilate pupils to facilitate fundic examination?
What is the MoA of tropicamide?
Which drug may cause acute congestive glaucoma in predisposed patients?
Which mydriatic-cycloplegic agent controls pain d/t corneal and uveal disease by relaxing ciliary muscle spasms?
When is atropine sulfate contraindicated?
Which topical ophthalmic NSAID is used in cases of uveal inflammation?
Is systemic or topical use of NSAIDs more effective?
What anti-inflammatory agent is commonly used for anterior uveitis cases but is contraindicated in patients with ulcers?
Why are steroids contraindicated with corneal ulcers?
Delays healing or potentiates stromal melting
Which drug is used as an anti-inflammatory agent for steroid responsive ophthalmic conditions and is more potent than pred?
What is the MoA of timolol maleate?
Beta adrenergic antagonist
What medication is used to decrease IOP?
What is Timolol often combined with?
What is the brand name for Timolol + Dorzolamide combination?
What is the MoA of dorzolamide?
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
How does dorzolamide reduce IOP?
Decreases aqueous humor production
Which medication is used in secondary glaucoma cases and primary glaucoma in cats and horses?
Which medication is used in canine primary glaucoma cases?
What is the MoA of latanoprost?
Why is latanoprost not effective in cats?
Cats don't have the receptor for it to act on
Which topical abx is used for infections w/mostly gram neg organisms such as Pseudomonas, Proteus, and Enterobacter?
What class of abx is Tobramycin?
What class of abx is Ofloxacin?
Which topical abx is used for infections w/gram neg organisms?
What class of abx is Erythromycin?