Ophthalmic Meds in Small Animals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ophthalmic Meds in Small Animals Deck (54)
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1

What are ocular anesthetic agents used for?

Procedures that might cause ocular discomfort, provide temporary pain relief

2

What are ocular anesthetic agents?

Proparacaine, HCl

3

How long do topical ocular anesthetic agents last?

5-10 min

4

If you have to perform a Schirmer tear test, when should you give an ocular anesthetic agent?

After the STT (can affect test results)

5

What drug is commonly used to dilate pupils to facilitate fundic examination?

Tropicamide

6

What is the MoA of tropicamide?

Mydriatic-cycloplegic vasoconstrictor

7

Which drug may cause acute congestive glaucoma in predisposed patients?

Tropicamide

8

Which mydriatic-cycloplegic agent controls pain d/t corneal and uveal disease by relaxing ciliary muscle spasms?

Atropine sulfate

9

When is atropine sulfate contraindicated?

Glaucoma patients

10

Which topical ophthalmic NSAID is used in cases of uveal inflammation?

Flurbiprofen

11

Is systemic or topical use of NSAIDs more effective?

Systemic

12

What anti-inflammatory agent is commonly used for anterior uveitis cases but is contraindicated in patients with ulcers?

Prednisolone acetate

13

Why are steroids contraindicated with corneal ulcers?

Delays healing or potentiates stromal melting

14

Which drug is used as an anti-inflammatory agent for steroid responsive ophthalmic conditions and is more potent than pred?

Dexamethasone

15

What is the MoA of timolol maleate?

Beta adrenergic antagonist

16

What medication is used to decrease IOP?

Timolol

17

What is Timolol often combined with?

Dorzolamide

18

What is the brand name for Timolol + Dorzolamide combination?

Cosopt

19

What is the MoA of dorzolamide?

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

20

How does dorzolamide reduce IOP?

Decreases aqueous humor production

21

Which medication is used in secondary glaucoma cases and primary glaucoma in cats and horses?

Dorzolamide

22

Which medication is used in canine primary glaucoma cases?

Latanoprost

23

What is the MoA of latanoprost?

Prostaglandin analog

24

Why is latanoprost not effective in cats?

Cats don't have the receptor for it to act on

25

Which topical abx is used for infections w/mostly gram neg organisms such as Pseudomonas, Proteus, and Enterobacter?

Tobramycin

26

What class of abx is Tobramycin?

Aminoglycoside

27

What class of abx is Ofloxacin?

Fluoroquinolone

28

Which topical abx is used for infections w/gram neg organisms?

Ofloxacin

29

What class of abx is Erythromycin?

Macrolide

30

Which topical abx is used in infections w/gram pos orgs such as Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, and Borrelia?

Erythromycin