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Flashcards in Opioids Deck (13)
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1

What are the 3 strong opioids?

Morphine
Methodone
Meperidine

2

What are the 2 moderately strong opioids?

Codeine
Oxycodone

3

What are the 2 receptor agonist-antagonist drugs?

pentazocine
buprenorphine

4

What is the one opioid antagonist?

naloxone

5

When is morphine indicated?

- pain in MI
- pain in sickle cell crisis
- pain in surgery
- pain with trauma
- chronic pain
- pain from kidney stones
- severe back pain

6

What are 3 side effects of morphine?

1) constipation
2) addiction
3) tolerance

7

When is Meperidine indicated?

to relieve spasmotic effects (biliary spasm, renal colic)

8

What are side effects of Meperidine?

Serotonin
seizure
respiratory depression
dysphoria
tremor

9

When is hydrocodone indicated?

treats moderate to severe pain (mu receptor, delta receptor)

10

When is codeine indicated?

mild to moderate pain

cough
diarrhea
IBS
narcolepsy

11

When is pentazocine used?

dental extraction

12

What is an important side effect of pentazocine?

weakly antagonizes analgesic effects of morphine and meperidine

13

When is methadone indicated?

to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer