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Flashcards in optho and more Deck (50)
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1

non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy

dilated retinal veins
microaneuryss
retinal hemorrhage
edema
hard exudates

2

retinal signs of htn

cotton woll spots
retinal hemorrhage
edema
exudates that have a stellate appearance in the macula

3

pterygium rx

surgical resection of tissue

4

retinitis in AIDS

CMV

loss of vision
retinal spots and flame hemorrhages

5

rx for allergic conjunctivitis

ketotifen, e.g.

H1-receptor antagonist and a mast cell stabilizer

6

glaucoma testing

at risk: black, family history, diabetes
screen every year after 40

no risk? every 3-5 years ages 40-60

every 1-2 years after 60

7

test to see if angle-closure glaucoma

tonometric testing

8

orlistat

weight-reducing substance

9

sound with aortic dissection

decrescendo diastolic murmur

10

hormones in turner syndrome

high FSH and LH

11

chronic renal failure bleeding why?

platelet dysfunction

12

baby single loud S2

transposition of the great vessels

13

approach to hypocalcemia

first, check for magnesium. Low in alcoholics, e.g. Decreases PTH

14

test for Hep B

HBsAg and IgM anti-HBc

the IgM will cover the "window period" between disappearance of HBsAg and anti-HBs

15

tactile fremitus

indicates pneumonioa

will be decreased in pleural effusion

16

IBS finding on colonoscopy

normal mucosa

17

obesity and endometrial cancer

huge risk due to estrogen conversion

18

IgA vs ABO transfusion reactions

IgA deficiency-- within seconds

ABO-- within hours, positive direct coombs test, pink plasma

19

what is likely involved in MALTLoma?

H pylori

environmental things like smoking, n-nitroso, and salt preserved foods go with gastric adenocarcinoma

20

risk factors for placental insufficiency

cigarette smoking
diabetes
hypertension

21

SCFE treatment

surgical pinning`

22

with phenytoin give

folate

23

meconium ileus goes with

cystic fibrosis

24

pharmacotherapy for aortic dissection

beta blocker; reduce heart rate, SBP, and LV contractility --> decrease in aortic wall stress and rate of rise in SBP

25

contralateral sensory loss

likely:
lacunar stroke of the thalamus
posterior cerebral artery

can --> thalamic pain syndrome

26

hyperkalemia in poorly controlled diabetes?

likely Renal tubular acidosis

27

rx for OCD

1. CBT
2. SSRI

28

causes of asymmetric fetal growth restriction

maternal malnutrition

utero-placental insufficiency (HTN, diabetes)

29

causese of symmetric fetal growth restriction

chromosomal
congenital infection

30

flapping tremor

hepatic encephalopathy

initiate lactulose