Oral Disease Flashcards Preview

GastroIntestinal (GI) > Oral Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Oral Disease Deck (34):
1

What are the signs of a mouth ulcer?

Ulceration
Lump
White patch
Red patch

2

What causes hyperplasia in the mouth?

Phenytoin.
This can be seen in epilepsy patients.

3

What are the taste buds on the posterior part of the tongue?

The Circumvallate Papillae

4

What are oral symptoms for cardiovascular disease?

Central cyanosis

5

What is the side effect of calcium, channel blockers on the mouth?

Gingival hyperplasia

6

What is the oral side effect of Nicorandil on the mouth?

Oral Ulceration

7

What is the oral side effect of Antihypertensive on the mouth?

Xerostomia- dry mouth
Lichen Planus
Angiodema

8

What is lichen plans?

Lacey white lines found inside the mouth

9

What is the oral side effect of inhaled corticosteroids?

Candidasis
Angina bullosa Haemorrhagic (caused by mucosal fragility)

10

What is the oral side effect of inhaled oxygen?

Xerostomia - dry mouth

11

What is the oral side effect of Tuberculosis?

Granulomatous lesion on dorsal tongue

12

What is the sign of erythematous candidacies?

Purely redness and irritation
Diagnosis is by biopsy.

13

What is angina bullosa hemorrhagic?

It is a blood blister in mouth.
Can be caused by Ulcerative colitis

14

What could ulceration in the mouth suggest?

It is secondary to a nutritional deficiency
Crohn's disease

15

What causes glossitis?

B 12 deficiency
Additionally tongue will seem red and shiny, it will be very sore.

16

What causes angular cheilitis?

Iron deficiency - inflammation and redness at the side of the mouth

17

What oral side effect is connected to Crohn's and to hypersensitivity reactions?

Orofacial Granulomatosis

18

What would happen to the tissue inside the mouth if the patient has crohn?s

Cobblestoning - Oedema of the tissue causing the tissue to fold over
Angular cheilitis also found

19

What is Peutz Jegher syndrome and what is its oral symptoms?

Pigmentation of the lips
Autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by the development of benign hamartomatous polyps

20

What are the oral symptoms of hepatic problems?

Jaundice
Spider naevi
Bleeding while brushing
Sialosis (Flow of saliva)

21

What is the oral symptoms of anaemia?

Recurrent aphtous stomatitis
- little ulcers that are high in fibrin. They have a yellow base with a red halo around it.

22

What is the oral symptoms of orofacial granulomatosis and what diseases are related to it?

Swelling of the lips checks
Angular Cheilitis

Related to Crohn's disease and Sarcoidosis

23

What are the oral symptoms of allergy?

Atopy
Angiodema

24

What are the oral symptoms of auto-immune diseases

Systemic sclerosis
Sjogren syndrome
Discoid lupus erythematosus

25

What secondary oral symptoms does peptic ulcer disease cause?

No direct side effects
Iron deficiency
Vomiting - Pyloric stenosis

26

What oral side effects are found in Ulcerative colitis?

Recurrent oral ulceration

Side effects of steroids and sulphasalazine drug type

27

What oral symptom is generally seen in diabetic patients?

Thrush

28

What oral symptoms are found in HIV patients?

Hairy Leukoplakia
Kaposi's sarcoma
Candidosis

29

What oral symptoms are found in patents with renal disease?

Anaemia
Bleeding
Infection

30

What virus causes oral hairy leukoplakia?

Epstein Bar Virus
- test these patients for HIV

31

What are the main symptoms of oral cancer?

Asymptomatic

Granular, rough and crusted surface texted
Elevation
Ulceration
Bleeding
Red patch
Dysphagia
Change in voice

32

What is the main thing used for diagnosis in oral cancer?

Change in colour.

33

What questions should you ask for oral cancer?

How long has lesion been present ?
Is it painful ?(pain is usually late manifestation
of OC but would be expected if benign ulcer) Does patient Smoke?
Does the patient drink?
What colour is the lesion?

34

Generally, what type of cancer is oral cancer?

Squamous cell carcinoma