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Flashcards in Oral Diseases Deck (66)
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1

What are clinical patterns of oral pathology?

Ulcers
Keratosis
Swelling
Vesicles
Pigmentation changes

2

Primary Risk Factors for Oral Disease

Tobacco
Alcohol
Medications
Stress/hormonal changes
Genetics
Infections
Immunosurpressed
Anemia
Bowel disease
Autoimmune disease

3

Define Hyperkeratinisation

Excessive growth of stubbornly attached keratin

4

Reasons for Hyperkeratinisation

Genetic
Physiological
Pre-cancerous
CA

5

Types of Local Oral Infections

Dental caries/acute pulpits
Gingivitis/periodontitis
Dental abscess
Necrotizing periodontal disease
Ludwig's angina
Cold sores
Herpangina
Thrush
Hairy tongue

6

Cause of Dental Caries/Acute Pulpitis

Stretococcus mutans
Other bacteria

7

Pathophysiology of Dental Caries/Acute Pulpitis

Destruction of the enamel
Progresses into dental pulp

8

Symptoms of Dental Caries/Acute Pulpitis

Hot/cold sensitivity
Continuous throbbing pain

9

Prevention of Dental Caries/Acute Pulpitis

Fluoride
Brushing
Flossing
Mouthwashes
Routine cleanings

10

Treatment of Dental Caries/Acute Pulpitis

Simple caries: restoration
Pulpitis: antibiotics and NSAIDs

11

High Risk Populations for Dental Caries/Acute Pulpitis

Chemotherapy
Diabetics
Zerostomia secondary to other source

12

Define Gingivitis

Inflammation of marginal gingiva (gums)

13

Etiology of Gingivitis

Anaerobes

14

Pathology of Gingivitis

Gingival soft tissue inflammation/infection

15

Signs/Symptoms of Gingivitis

Edema
Erythema
Pyorrhea
Pain

16

Treatment of Gingivitis

Penicillin or Clindamycin
NSAID

17

Prevention of Gingivitis

Brushing/flossing
Antibacterial mouth rinses
Removal of impacted food debris
Routine dental visits

18

Signs/Symptoms of Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis

Halitosis
Ulcerations of the interdental papillae

19

Treatment of Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gigivitis

Penicillin (PO) + Metronidazole
Clindamycin (alone)

20

Pathophysiology of Ludwig's Angina

Rapidly spreading cellulitis of sublingual and submandibular spaces

21

Signs/Symptoms of Ludwig's Angina

Febrile
Drooling/trismus
Edema in sublingual area

22

Treatment of Ludwig's Angina

IV antibiotics
Penicillin or Unasyn + metronidazole (Flagyl)

23

Presentation of Herpetic Lesions

Cold sores or painful vesicles on tongue/buccal mucosa

24

Etiology of Herpetic Lesions

HSV-1
HSV-2

25

Treatment for Herpetic Lesions

Acyclovir
Valacyclovir

26

Etiology of Herpangina

Coxackie virus

27

Clinical Features of Herpangina

Painful
Fever
Malaise
Sore throat
Vesicles on soft palate

28

Treatment of Herpangina

Supportive
Analgesics

29

Etiology of Oral Candidiasis (Thrush)

Candida species

30

High Risk Populations for Oral Candidiasis (Thrush)

Neonates
Prolonged antibiotic use
Immunocompromised