Oral Lesions and Developmental Anomalies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Oral Lesions and Developmental Anomalies Deck (45):
1

What condition can this commonly occur with?

Erythema Migrans (geographic tongue)

- glossitis, loss of lingual papillae, usually presents on the dorsal 2/3 and lateral surfaces

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2

What is this?

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Fissured Tongue (incidence of 6.8-11%)

3

What is the inheritance of this?

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Fissured Tongue

Inheritance: polygenic or autosomal dominant

4

What conditions does this commonly occur with?

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Fissured Tongue

1) Down syndrome

2) Dry mouths

3) Diabetes

4) Source of Halitosis

5

What is the treatment?

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Fissured Tongue

1) Brush Tongue

2) Becomes more prominent with age

6

What pediatric age and gender does this condition generally present with?

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Fissured Tongue

1) First and second decades

2) No gender predilection

7

What is this?

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Partial ankyloglossia (tongue tie)

8

What age and gender does this condition usually present with?

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Partial ankyloglossia (tongue tie)

1) Present at birth

2) Male Predilection

9

What is the treatment for this condition?

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Partial ankyloglossia (tongue tie)

1) Infrequently frenectomy is indicated

2) may self-correct

10

What is the incidence of this condition?

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Partial ankyloglossia (tongue-tie)

2-4% of children

11

What is this?

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Lingual Thyroid

12

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Lingual Thyroid

1) Second Decade

2) Female Predilection

13

Describe this anomaly

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Lingual Thyroid

Nodular mass with pink or red, smooth surface

May cause dysphagia, dysphonia (hoarseness), or dyspnea (labored breathing)

14

What is a variant of this and where does it occur?

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Lingual Thyroid

1) Thyroglossal duct cyst

2) Occurs in midline of neck

15

When do symptoms from this anomaly begin to manifest? Why is this important?

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Lingual Thyroid

1) Puberty or pregnancy

2) Normal thyroid absent in 70%

3) Important because of infantile hypothyroidism

16

What is the treatment for this anomaly?

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Lingual Thyroid

1) Thyroid hormone therapy

2) excision or radioactive iodine ablation

3) carcinomas arise in <1%

17

What is this anomaly called?

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Commissural lip pits

18

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Commissural Lip Pits

1) Second decade

2) Male predilection

19

Where does this anomaly generally occur?

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Commissural Lip Pits

Corner of the mouth

20

What is the treatment for this?

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Commissural Lip Pits

1) No treatment required

21

What is this anomaly?

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Paramedian Lip Pits (congenital lip pits)

22

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Paramedian Lip Pits (congenital lip pits)

1) Present at birth

2) No gender predilection

23

What conditions does this anomaly generally present with?

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Paramedian Lip Pits (congenital lip pits)

1) Cleft lip and palate

2) Van der woude

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24

What is the treatment for this anomaly?

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Paramedian Lip Pits (congenital lip pits)

1) None required

2) Surgery if cosmetic problem

25

What is this anomaly?

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Retrocuspid papilla

26

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Retrocuspid papilla

1) First and second decades

2) Female predilection

27

Describe this anomaly

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Retrocuspid papilla

1) Lingual attached gingiva

2) Adjacent to mandibular canines

28

What is the treatment for this anomaly?

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Retrocuspid papilla

1) None required

2) Normal anatomic variant

29

What is this anomaly?

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Bifid Uvula

30

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Bifid Uvula

1) Present at birth

2) No gender predilection

31

What is the pediatric significance of this anomaly?

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Bifid Uvula

1) Minimal expression of cleft palate

2) Submucous cleft may be present

3) associated with loeys-dietz syndrome

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32

What is the treatment for this anomaly?

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Bifid Uvula

1) No treatment required

2) Genetic counseling may be indicated

33

What is this anomaly?

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Hyperplastic labial frenum

34

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Hyperplastic labial frenum

1) Present at birth

2) No gender predilection

35

What is the treatment of this anomaly?

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Hyperplastic labial frenum

1) None required

2) frenectomy reserved for correction of large diastema or gingival recession

36

What is this anomaly?

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Torus palatinus (palatal torus)

37

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Torus palatinus (palatal torus)

1) Second decade

2) Female predilection

38

Describe this anomaly

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Torus palatinus (palatal torus)

1) Bony hard mass

2) asymptomatic unless traumatized

39

What is the inheritance of this anomaly?

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Torus palatinus (palatal torus)

1) Autosomal dominant

2) multifactorial influence

40

What is the treatment for this anomaly?

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Torus palatinus (palatal torus)

1) none required

2) will continue to grow during adulthood

41

What is this anomaly?

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Torus mandibularis (mandibular torus)

42

What age and gender does this anomaly generally present with?

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Torus mandibularis (mandibular torus)

1) second decade

2) male predilection

43

What is the treatment for this anomaly?

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Torus mandibularis (mandibular torus)

1) None required

2) Will continue to grow durig adulthood

44

What is this anomaly?

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Exostosis

45

What is the pediatric significance of this anomaly?

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Exostosis

1) when traumatized can mimic odontogenic infection because of location

2) may be tender to palpation in children