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Flashcards in Orientation Terms Deck (41):
1

Anatomical Position

Body is...
Erect, feet slightly apart, face forward, upper limbs at sides, palms facing forward

2

Superior

Above

3

Inferior

Below

4

Anterior

Towards the front

5

Posterior

Towards the back

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Medial

Towards or closer to the middle

7

Lateral

Towards the side

8

Proximal

Closer to a point of attachment

9

Distal

Further away from a point of attachment

10

Superficial

Situated near the surface

11

Deep

Describes parts that are more internal

12

Dorsal

Back of a frog

13

Ventral

Front/underside of a frog

14

Sagittal plane

Divides the body into right and left portion ex midsagittal in middle of body

15

Transverse plane

Divides the body into superior and inferior portions often called cross section or horizontal plane

16

Coronal plane

Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

17

Oblique plane

Divides the body diagonally between the horizontal and vertical planes

18

Organ in RUQ

Kidneys, Stomach, Intestines liver gallbladder

19

Organs in LUQ

Kidneys intestines stomach and spleen

20

Organs in RLQ

Appendix intestines bladder

21

Organs in LLQ

Imtestines bladder

22

Right hypochondriac region

Liver gallbladder

23

Epigastric region

Stomach

24

Right lumbar region

Ascending colon of large intestine

25

Umbilical region

Small intestine transverse colon of large intestine

26

Left lumbar region

Descending colon of large intestine

27

Right iliac region

Appendix cecum

28

Hypogastric (pubic) region

Bladder

29

Left iliac region

Initial part of sigmoid colon

30

Middle ear

Contains the 3 smallest bones in body, responsible for transmitting vibrations to inner ear

31

Synovial

Located at joints; contain fluid to reduce friction between bones

32

Dorsal body cavity

Cranial cavity
Vertebral cavity

33

Vertebral cavity

Bony cavity formed by the vertebrae of the spine that contains and protects the spinal cord

34

Ventral body cavity

Thoracic cavity, diaphragm, abdominopelvic cavity

35

Thoracic cavity

Pleural cavities (2), each w a lung and mediastinum: pericardial cavity (contains heart), esophagus and trachea

36

Abdominopelvic cavity

Abdominal: stomach intestines etc
Pelvic: bladder and reproductive organs

37

Serous membranes (serosa)

Thin double layered membranes that cover the walls of ventral body cavity and outer surface of organs

38

Parietal serosa

Membranes attached to walls of a cavity

39

Visceral serosa

Membranes that cover organs

40

Serous cavity

Space between parietal and visceral serosa, contains serous fluid to prevent friction

41

Peritoneal

Abdominopelvic cavity