Origins of the Cold War : 4/6/15 Flashcards Preview

US History II : Student Notes > Origins of the Cold War : 4/6/15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Origins of the Cold War : 4/6/15 Deck (126)
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1

In _________, ___, in 1944, delegates from __ countries met to discuss the new organization, the ____ ____ (?).

Washington, DC, 39, United Nations (UN)

2

The __ would have a ______ ____, in which each member nation in the world would have one vote.

UN, General Assembly

3

The UN would also have a _______ ______ with __ members.

Security Council, 11

4

Five countries would be permanent members of the Security Council : ______, ______, _____, ____ _____, and the ______ ____. The five permanent members would have ____ power.

Britain, France, China, Soviet Union, and the United States. Veto

5

The ______ _______ was given the power to vote on resolutions and to choose the non-permanent members of the Security Council.

General Assembly

6

The ______ ______ is responsible for international peace and security.

Security Council

7

February 1945, ___, _______, and _____ met at _____-- a ______ resort on the ______ ___-- to plan the postwar world.

FDR, Churchill, Stalin, Yalta, Soviet, Black Sea

8

A key issue discussed at Yalta was _____.

Poland

9

FDR and Churchill agreed to recognize the _____ government set up by the _____.

Polish, Soviets

10

After reaching a compromise on Poland, the three leaders agreed to the ________ of _______ ______.

Declaration of Liberated Europe

11

The declaration echoed the _______ _____, asserting “the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they will live.”

Atlantic Charter

12

The powers also agreed to divide _______ into four zones. _____ _____, the __, the _____ ____, and ______ would each control a zone.

Germany, Great Britain, US, Soviet Union, France

13

The same four countries would also divide _____ into four zones, even though it was in the _____ ____.

Berlin, Soviet Union

14

The _____ would remove i______ m_____, r______ c____, and other equipment from Germany as r______.

Allies, industrial machinery, railroad cars, reparations

15

_____ marked a turning point in Soviet-American relations.

Yalta

16

The ____ ___, an era of confrontation and competition between nations, lasted from about ____, to about ____.

Cold War, 1946, 1990

17

They wanted to keep ______ weak and make sure that the countries between _______ and the _____ _____ were under Soviet control.

Germany, Germany, Soviet Union

18

Soviet leaders believed that ______ was a superior economic system that would eventually replace ______.

Communism, capitalism

19

American leaders believed that the ____ _____ became so severe because nations reduced _____.

Great Depression, trade

20

By 1945, ___ and his advisers were convinced that economic growth through world ______ was the key to _____.

FDR, trade, peace

21

They passed a resolution that made ______ punishable internationally.

Genocide

22

The text of the C______ on the P______ and P_________ of the C____ of G_______ became the first UN h____ r____ treaty.

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, human rights

23

______ _______, the first US delegate to the __, chaired the UN C______ on H_____ R_____ in 1948.

Eleanor Roosevelt, UN, Commission on Human Rights

24

U______ D______ of H______ R____, which promoted the inherent dignity of every human being and was a commitment to end _________.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, discrimination

25

_____ was strongly anti-communist.

Truman

26

The meeting between Soviet foreign minister _____ and _____ marked an important shift in Soviet-American relations.

Molotov, Truman

27

In July 1945, ______ and _____ met at ______ (Conference), near _____.

Truman, Stalin, Potsdam, Berlin

28

______ suggested the Soviets take _______ from their zones, while the Allies allowed _______ to revive in the other zones.

Truman, reparations, industry

29

At ______, _____ also learned of the successful US ____ _____ tests.

Potsdam, Truman, atomic bomb

30

The ______ _______ marked another increase in tensions.

Potsdam Conference