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Flashcards in Ortho 1 Deck (22):
1

causes of spinal stenosis

degenerative arthritis (spondylosis)
degenerative disk disease
thickening ligamentum flavum

2

management of middle vs distal 1/3 clavicle fracture

middle: non op
distal third: ORIF

3

episodic pain and tenderness in inferior patella
and what type of patient

patellar tendonitis
athletes

4

pain elicited when extending knee and compressing patella
and what type of patient

patellofemoral syndrome
young female athletes

5

tenderness and swelling at tibial tubercle
and what type of patient

osgood schlatter disease
adolescent athlete with recent growth spurt

6

localized pain anteromedial tibia, no pain on valgus

pes anserinus pain syndrome

7

acute back pain, point tenderness of vertebrae after strenuous activity

vertebral compression fracture (usually from loss of bone mineral density aka osteoporosis)

8

paraspinal tenderness, increased pain with movement

ligamentous back sprain

9

rotation of knee causes

meniscal tear

10

indication for intraarticular glucocorticoid injection

degernative meniscal injury due to underlying osteoarthritis

11

tx of Paget disease of bone

bisphosphonates

12

features of anterior shoulder dislocation

prominent acromion
abnormal subacromial space
abduction and external rotation injury
axillary nerve damage causing paralysis of deltoid and teres minor, an loss of sensation over lateral arm

13

acute low back pain and cord compression signs/sxs... next step

MRI

14

acute low back pain and alarm signs, next step
- age greater than 50
- nighttime pain
- constitutional sxs
- trauma
- IVDU
- h/o malignancy
- infxn risk
- at least 1 month no improvement

back x rays and ESR

15

back pain that gets better with exercise

ankylosing spondylitis

16

prepatellar bursitis
- dx
- tx

cell count and gram stain
drainage and systemic ATBs

17

sxs of patellar tendinitis

pain and tenderness inferior patella and patellar tendon

18

suspect septic arthritis. management?

blood culture, arthrocentesis for synovial fluid
tx w/ atbs

19

arm adducted and internally rotated, can't externally rotate

posterior dislocation of shoulder

20

arm adducted and externally rotated

anterior dislocation of shoulder

21

management of scaphoid bone fracture

wrist immobilization for 6-10 weeks
BUT if displaced 2 mm or angulated, do ORIF

22

tx of paget disease

bisphosphonates (alendronate, risendronate)