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Flashcards in Orthopedics Deck (190)
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1

What is the first line treatment for osteoarthritis?

Exercise, ROM, and strengthening

2

What are heberdens nodes associated with?

Osteoarthritis

3

What type of arthritis affects the metacarpal joints?

Rheumatoid arthritis

4

What is the test for impingement syndrome (shoulder pain)

Painful arc test & Hawkins-Kennedy test

5

What is the McMurray's test for?

Torn meniscus (knee)

6

Where is the lateral epicondyle?

Elbow Lateral epicondylitis is tennis elbow

7

Where is the scaphoid?

Inner aspect of wrist bone

8

Common injury to wrist during fall?

Scaphoid fracture

9

What is the diagnostic test for a scaphoid fracture?

Snuffbox tenderness

10

What is the lower back pain test that is positive for radiculopathy?

Straight leg raise

11

What is an overreaction during physical exam with inappropriate physical signs?

Waddell's signs

12

What type of lower back pain is from L5-S1 and radiates down leg, foot, or ankle?

Sciatica

13

What is the diagnostic test for sciatica?

Straight leg raise

14

What is the hip bone?

Trochanter

15

Osteoarthritis in a patient causes what type of hip joint pain?

Anterior hip/groin pain

16

When a patient complains of heel pain or tenderness, they have...

Plantar fasciitis

17

What test is for an acl in knee?

Anterior draw test

18

What condition is associates with a positive MTP squeeze test?

Mortons neuroma

19

What condition is associated with a positive finkelstein test?

DeQuervain's tensosynovitis

20

Burning pain between the 3rd and 4th toes.

Morton's neuroma

21

Positive tinel's test & positive Phalen's test

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

22

Type of fracture secondary to systemic disease?

Pathologic fracture

23

Common cause of posterior knee pain

Bakers cyst

24

Overuse injury of a bone

Stress fracture/ takes 4-6 weeks to heal

25

Dorsal thumb pain is a classic symptom of

DeQuervains tenosynovitis

26

Injury to a bone that does not result in a fracture

Contusion

27

Injury to a muscle is a

Strain

28

Injury to a ligament is a

Sprain

29

What are the nodes on the PIP nodes secondary to arthritis?

Bouchnard's nodes

30

Joint stiffness lasts <60 minutes usually

Osteoarthritis