Flashcards in Osteoarthritis and principles of management Deck (11):
What members of MDT manage osteoarthritis?
In basic terms what happens in osteoarthritis?
-Trauma and mechanical imbalance
-Inflammation and pain
-Repair processes around joint
What are some biomechanical factors behind osteoarthritis?
-Occupation - farmers, footballers
-Persistent heavy physical activity
What is associated with inflammation in OA?
Could biochemical mediators be part of OA?
Possibly. Markers like interleukins, TNFs etc could be significant
How do you diagnose OA?
-Activity related joint pain PLUS has either no morning joint related stiffness or morning stiffness lasting no longer than 30min
What are some alarming symptoms?
-Prolonged morning-related stiffness
-Rapid deterioration of symptoms
-Hot, swollen joint
What is the differential diagnosis of OA?
What are non-pharmacological treatments of OA?
-Aids and devices
What are pharmacological treatments of OA?
-Paracetamol, NSAIDs (oral)
-NSAIDS, capsaicin (topical)