Osteoarthritis: Proteoglycan, Collagen, Bone Dysfunction Flashcards Preview

MOHD4: Exam 5 > Osteoarthritis: Proteoglycan, Collagen, Bone Dysfunction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Osteoarthritis: Proteoglycan, Collagen, Bone Dysfunction Deck (16):
1

Osteoarthritis is
inflammatory/non-inflammatory

non-inflammatory

2

Tibiofemoral knee presentation

Medial pain (varus), limited flexion, deformity, instability, mechanical catching, stair difficulty

3

Imaging for OA includes

AP pelvis, true later, frog-leg lateral

4

Characterisitic findings of OA include

Subchondral bone hypertrophy
Cartilage (joint-space) loss
Osteophytes
Subchondral cysts

5

Pharm used for OA injections

cortisone analog
hyaluronate (not recommended)
(cannot regrow cartilage)

6

Patellofemoral knee presentation

anterior knee pain, pain ascending stairs (not as bad as tibiofemoral)

7

Nerve responsible for knee pain with hip arthritis

Obturator nerve referred pain

8

Late issues leading to joint replacement revision

Osteolysis
Loosening
Wear

9

Heberden's nodes are on

DIP joint

10

Oral pharm for OA

oral NSAIDs

11

Evaluation of OA may include these labs

Inflammatory labs to r/o inflammatory arthritis, infection

12

Bouchard's nodes are on

PIP joint

13

A medial wedge would be used for

Varus knee moment

14

Fusion might be used in _______ and is effective by _____________

Foot, ankle, spine;

eliminating motion

15

A lateral wedge would be used for

Valgus knee moment

16

Physical risks of hip or knee replacement include

Thromboembolitic disease (DVT, PE)
Neurovascular injury
Bleeding
Wound healing issues
Fracture (intra or post op)
Hip: dislocation, limp, HO, LLD
Knee: stiffness, laxity, PF problems
Cardiopulm: MI, stroke, death