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Flashcards in Other Deck (83):
1

Only pathogenic intestinal ameba

Entamoeba histolytica

2

Brucei complex vector

tsetse fly

3

Trypanosome cruzi vector

reduviid bug

4

Amastigote

leishmania

5

Balantidium coli reservoir

pig

6

Acid fast stain

isospora belli
cryclospora cayentanesis
cryptosporidium parvum

7

Babes microti vector

deer tick

8

Vitamin B12

diphyllobothrium latum

9

Small lateral spine

s. japonicum

10

Terminal spines

s. haemotobium

11

Lateral spine

s. mansoni

12

smallest helminth egg

clonorchis sinensis

13

Iron deficient anemia

Nectar americanus

14

Trichinella spiralis vector

pork/bear

15

Non-filmentous, pseudohyphae

yeast

16

dimorphic mold

- 25C
- environmental
- inhale

17

dimorphic yeast

- 37C
- diagnostic
- not infectious

18

filamentous, hyphae

molds

19

Terranean mushrooms

moresis

20

subterranean mushroom

truffles

21

Arthroconidium

coccidioides immitis

22

Sporangiospore

rhizopus

23

microconidium

dermatophytes

24

macroconidium

dermatophytes

25

blastoconidium

yeast cell, budding

26

chlamydoconidium

Candida

27

India ink

encap yeast
cryptococcal neoformans

28

germ tube test

candidia

29

lab diagnosis mycoses

- direct detection
- culture isolation
- identification
- molecular
- serology

30

latex agglutination

cryptococcal

31

serum galactomannan

aspergillus

32

act on ergosterol in cell membrane

polyenes

33

example of polyene

amp b
nystatin

34

nucleotide ase antagonist

pyrimidine analogue

35

example of pyrimidine analogue

fluorocystosine

36

deposit in nails and skins

allylamine

37

example of allylamine

terbinafine

38

act on ergosterol synthesis

azoles

39

examples of azoles

flacon, kept, itra

40

deposit in keratinized tissues

phenolic

41

example of phenolic

griseo

42

inhibit cell wall synthesis interfere with gluten production

echinocandins

43

example of echinocandins

caspofungin
microfungin

44

Keratinase

dermatophytes

45

phospholipids

candida

46

poison by ingestion of fruiting body of higher fungi

mycetsmus

47

intoxication by eating food contaminated with toxin producing mold

mycotoxicosis

48

inhale fungal elements to induce immunological response

hypersensitivity disease

49

infection caused by fungus

mycoses

50

example of mycetismus

mushroom poisoning

51

example of mycotoxicosis

afloxin poisoning

52

example of hypersensitivity disease

hypersensitivity pneumonitis

53

melanized grain

black

54

no pigment

white graine

55

Mi river basin, NE

blastomyces dermatitidis

56

broad based budding yeast

blastomyces dermatitidis

57

SW, Washington

coccidioides immitis

58

Biosafety level 3

coccidioides immitis

59

yeast like structure

coccidioides immitis

60

Ohio/MI basin, NE MO river

histoplasma capsulatum

61

tuberculate macroconidia

histoplasma capsulatum

62

encapsulated budding yeast

cryptococcus neoformans

63

vector for cryptococus neoformans

pigeons

64

uncontrolled diabetes

rhizopus

65

aseptate hyphae, sporangium

rhizopus

66

irregular non septete hyphae

rhizopus

67

45 angle branching hyphae

aspergillosis

68

neutropenia

aspergillosis

69

steroid injection

exserohilum rostrum

70

pseudopods

amoeba

71

arthropod host, single cell

flagellate

72

2 nuclei

ciliates

73

cestodes

tapeworms

74

trematodes

flukes

75

segmented worms

tapeworms

76

non segmented worms

flukes

77

snail host

flukes

78

nematodes

roundworms

79

humans host

roundworms

80

infect keratinized tissues without invasion

cutaneous mycoses

81

localized areas, traumatic implantation, exogenous

subcutaneous mycoses

82

true systemic

fungi

83

opportunistic systemic

true yeast, yeast like, true mold