Outcome 14 Disorders of the Male Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Z. PATH 2 > Outcome 14 Disorders of the Male Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Outcome 14 Disorders of the Male Reproductive System Deck (54):
1

consistent inability to maintain or achieve penile erection

erectile dysfunction/impotence

2

5 causes of erectile dysfunction/impotence

1. psychological basis
2. chronic fatigue/stress
3. medical conditions affecting blood vessels
4. neurological damage
5. medications/alcohol/recreational activity

3

3 treatments for chronic impotence

1. penile implants
2. external vacuum devices
3. penile injection therapy (taught to self-inject)
4. viagra/levitra/cialis

4

involuntary inability to conceive

male infertility

5

male infertility is caused by insufficient ___ or ___ of sperm

number; motility

6

male infertility is also caused by presence of ___, other infections or blockage

STDs

7

male infertility is also caused by ____ abnormalities, ___ diseases and ___ disorders

structural; genetic; endocrine

8

condition that can cause male infertility

varicocele

9

male infertility is also caused by injuries that affect the ___ and ___

blood; nerve supply

10

male infertility is also caused by ___ and ___ exposure

radiation; pollutants

11

male infertility can also be caused by chronic ___ and ___ imbalance

stress; hormonal

12

treatment for male infertility includes ___ history with special attention to childhood disease and thorough physical exam to rule out ___ and ___ disorders

medical; genetic; endocrine

13

male infertility is diagnosed with ___ analysis

semen

14

2 procedures to solve male infertility

1. intrauterine insemination (IUI)
2. in vitro fertilization (IVF)

15

inflammation of the epididymis, the excretory duct of the testicles

epididymitis

16

epididymitis is caused most commonly by these 2 STIs

1. gonorrhea
2. chlamydia

17

4 conditions that can cause epididymitis

1. UTI
2. prostatis
3. TB
4. mumps

18

epididymitis is also caused by ___ complications

prostatectomy

19

epididymitis can also be caused by prolonged use of ___

indwelling catheter

20

diagnostic sign of epididymitis

Prehn's sign

21

sign of epididymitis: relief of pain when testicle is elevated

Prehns

22

untreated or incompletely treated epididymitis can result in ___

sterility

23

infection of the testes

orchitis

24

acute epididymitis infection is frequently associated with this infection

STI

25

4 causes of orchitis

1. mumps
2. viral infection
3. bacterial infection
4. injury

26

if both testicles are affected with epididymitis, this can lead to ___

sterility

27

condition where one testicle is twisted out of its normal position

torsion of the testicle

28

torsion of the testicle is treated by gentle manipulation to untwist the testicle, followed by ___ to prevent recurrence

orchiopexy

29

t or f. orchiopexy must be performed ASAP on patients with torsion of the testicle to prevent permanent damage

t

30

veins of one of the testicles become abnormally distended, causing swelling around the testicle that expands within the scrotal sac

varicocele

31

varicocele is caused by incompetent ____

venous valves

32

in varicocele, surgery would be done to remove ___ veins if ___ is affected

distended; fertility

33

acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland

prostatitis

34

prostatitis is usually caused by ___ infections but not always known

bacterial/non bacterial

35

drug to treat acute prostatitis

fluoroquinolone

36

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is also called ___

benign prostatic hypertrophy

37

nonmalignant, non inflammatory hypertrophy of the prostate gland

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

38

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is common in men over the age of __

50

39

3 common symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

1. difficulty starting urination
2. weak urinary system
3. inability to empty bladder

40

surgical procedure for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

TURP (transurethral resection of prostate)

41

malignancy of prostate gland

prostate cancer

42

3 major risk factors for prostate cancer

1. ethnicity (African Americans)
2. BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene
3. diet high in animal fats

43

name and staging system for prostate cancer

gleason

44

surgical procedure for prostate cancer

radical prostatectomy

45

2 therapies for prostate cancer

1. brachytherapy
2. hormone therapy

46

hormone therapy for prostate cancer includes ___ and ___

1. orchiectomy
2. hormone agonists or antagonists

47

cancer of the testicle

testicular cancer

48

testicular cancer is most common between ages __ and __

15 and 45

49

condition risk factor for testicular cancer, even when surgically corrected

cryptorchidism

50

another risk factor for testicular cancer is previous ____ tumor elsewhere

germ cell

51

a risk factor (instead of outcome) for testicular cancer

infertility

52

2 syndromes that are risk factors for testicular cancer

1. down syndrome
2. klinefelter's syndrome

53

can cure up to 80% of testicular cancer patients

chemotherapy

54

procedure for testicular cancer

surgical resection