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Flashcards in outcome 2 Deck (16):
1

Autotroph

plant
photosynthesis
makes its own food by using light or chemical energy

2

Heterotroph

animals
don't photosynthesis
rely on other organisms for food

3

Glucose

organic molecule
produces sugar which produces energy
contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
C6 H12 O6

4

organic molecules

carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen

5

inorganic molecules

Inorganic molecules are generally simple and are not normally found in living things.
sodium, water, carbon

6

glycogen

stores long-term energy in adipose tissue

7

adipose cell

fat storage cell
fatty tissue
inhumans and animals
may be located around organs

8

chlorophyll

pigment
vital for photosynthesis
allows plants to absorb energy from light
only in plants

9

energy transformation PLANTS

autotrophs - food - photosynthesis - SUNLIGHT

sunlight - glucose, chemical energy
(requires light, water, carbon dioxide, pigments(CHLOROPHYLL))

10

energy transformation ANIMALS

heterotrophs - cannot make its own food(consumer)
food is ingested
broken down for absorption
used to produce energy
glucose
cellular respiration
allows ATP to be made

11

energy storage

-glycogen -fat
short term. longterm
muscles, liver. adipose tissue or fat cells

12

photosynthesis

WHAT- process in which plants uses energy from sunlight to produce gluten from carbon dioxide and water
WHEN- all the time, when light strikes the photo stem and exits their electrons. it can either be natural or artificial light.
WHERE- takes place in chloroplast, we recognise this as a green pigment that contains chlorophyll

13

ATP
Adenosine Tri Phosphate

energy rich molecule
usable energy from in cells

14

inputs and outputs of PHOTOSYNTHESIS

INPUTS
light energy
water
carbon dioxide

OUTPUTS
oxygen
glucose sugar

15

Aerobic cellular respiration

WHAT- process of producing cellular energy with the use of oxygen
WHEN- all the time, when oxygen and glucose is present
WHERE- mitochondria

16

anaerobic cellular respiration

WHAT- type of respiration that does not use energy
WHEN- used when there is not enough oxygen for aerobic respiration
WHERE- adipose tissue