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Flashcards in Overview of Back and Vertebral Column Deck (19)
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1

What are the functions of the vertebral column

1. Protection
2. Supports body weight above the pelvis
3. Provides a rigid and flexible axis for the body and an extended base for the head to pivot
4. Posture and locomotion

2

What is another name for C1 vertebrae

Atlas

3

What is another name for C2 Vertebrae

Axis

4

How many cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx segments are there?

Cervical: 7
Thoracic: 12
Lumbar: 5
Sacrum: 5
Coccyx: 4

5

What makes up a vertebral arch

spinous process, lamina, and pedicle

6

What are the functions of the spinous and transverse processes

muscle attachment and movement

7

What is the function of articular processes

restricts movement

8

What is the function of the vertebral arch

protects the spinal cord

9

what is the function of the vertebral body

supports body weight

10

What are the joints of the vertebral column

Craniovertebral joint
costovertebral joint
sacroiliac joint
joints of the vertebral bodies
joints of the vertebral arches

11

What type of joints make up the joints of the vertebral bodies

Symphyses joints

12

What are the functions and details of the symphyses joint at the vertebral bodies

They are designed for weight bearing and strength.
Articulating surfaces of adjacent vertebrae are connected by IV discs and ligaments

13

What are the ligaments that are connected to the joints of the vertebral body

Anterior longitudinal ligament and Posterior longitudinal ligament

14

What are the details about the anterior longitudinal ligament

Strong band of fibrous tissue that runs from C1 to the sacrum and it prevents hyperextension of the vertebral column

15

What are the details about the posterior longitudinal ligament

It is more narrow and weaker than the anterior longitudinal ligament
it runs within the vertebral canal C2 to the sacrum
Very pain sensitive because it narrows at L2 and tapers down to little support in low back

16

What type of joints are the joints of the vertebral column and what is their importance

facet joints

They are surrounded by a thin joint capsule and articulates between the superior and inferior articular processes of adjacent vertebrae with no ligamentous support

17

What are the types of curvatures of the vertebral column

primary curves and secondary curves

18

What are primary curves of the spine

develop during fetal period and consist of the thoracic and sacral curve

19

What are secondary curves of the spine

Develop as a result of mobility and locomotion and consist of cervical and lumbar curve