p35-37 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in p35-37 Deck (72):
1

支柱型产业

mainstay(industry)

2

新兴产业

emerging industry

3

旅游接待能力

capacity for accommodating tourists

4

客源输出国

tourist generating country; source of tourists

5

中国投资顾问产业研究中心

CICI-China Investment Consulting Institution

6

入境旅游市场

inbound tourist market
'ɪnbaʊnd/
adj. 入境的;归本国的;回内地的
n. 入站

7

strand

/strænd/
n. 线;串;海滨
vt. 使搁浅;使陷于困境;弄断;使落后
vi. 搁浅

8

evacuate

/ɪ'vækjuet/
vt. 疏散,撤退;排泄
vi. 疏散;撤退;排泄

9

blockade

/blɑ'ked/
vt. 封锁
n. 阻塞
过去式 blockaded过去分词 blockaded现在分词 blockading

10

backlog

/'bæklɔɡ/
n. [管理] 积压的工作;积压待办的事务;大木材
vt. 储备;把…积压起来
过去式 backlogged过去分词 backlogged现在分词 backlogging

11

halve

/hæv/
vt. 二等分;把……减半

12

PAD

the People's Alliance for Democracy人民民主联盟

13

reach a deal

达成协议

14

take over

takingtooktakentakes
1.PHRASAL VERB If you take over a company, you get control of it, for example, by buying its shares. 接管 (公司)
• I'm going to take over the company one day.
我总有一天会接管这家公司。
2.PHRASAL VERB If someone takes over a country or building, they get control of it by force, for example, with the help of the army. (用武力) 接管
• The Belgians took over Rwanda under a League of Nations mandate.
比利时人在一项国际联盟的授权下接管了卢旺达。
3.PHRASAL VERB If you take over a job or role or if you take over, you become responsible for the job after someone else has stopped doing it. 接替
• His widow has taken over the running of his empire, including six theatres.
他的遗孀已经接替了管理他的帝国的工作,包括6家剧院。
• In 2001, I took over from him as governing mayor.
2001年我接替他担任了主管市长。
4.PHRASAL VERB If one thing takes over from something else, it becomes more important, successful, or powerful than the other thing, and eventually replaces it. 取代
• Cars gradually took over from horses.
汽车逐渐取代了马。

15

intensify

/ɪn'tensɪfaɪ,ɪn'tensəfaɪ/
pp: intensified pt: intensified pres part: intensifying 3rd pers sg: intensifies
to increase in degree or strength, or to make something do this
〔使〕加剧,〔使〕增强
•In Junethe civil war intensified. 6月份内战更加激烈了。
•His mother’s death intensified his loneliness. 母亲的过世使他感到更加孤单。
DERIVATIVE 派生词
intensification n /ɪn͵tɛnsəfəˋkeʃən ; ɪn‚tensɪfɪ'keɪʃən,ɪn‚tensɪfə'keɪʃən,ɪn‚tensəfɪ'keɪʃən,ɪn‚tensəfə'keɪʃən / [singular, U]
•an intensification of fighting in the region 该地区战斗的加剧

16

deputy

/'depjʊti,'depjəti/
pl: deputies
1.someone who is directly below another person in rank, and who is officially in charge when that person is not there
代理人,副手,副职
deputy director/chairman/governor etc
•the Deputy Secretary of State 助理国务卿
2.someone whose job is to help a sheriff in the US
〔美国〕县行政司法官助理
3.a member of parliament in some countries, for example France〔法国等一些国家的〕议员

17

backlog

/ˈbæklɒɡ/
a large amount of work that you need to complete, especially work that should already have been completed
积压未办之事,积压的工作
•It’s going to take us months to clear the backlog . 我们得花好几个月才能处理完积压未办的事情。
[+ of]
•a backlog of requests 积压的请求

18

embassies

embassy
/'embəsi/
pl: embassies
a group of officials who represent their government in a foreign country, or the building they work in
大使馆全体外交官员;大使馆
RELTD ambassador

the American Embassy in Paris 美国驻巴黎大使馆

19

frustration

/frʌ'streɪʃ ə n/
1.[C,U] the feeling of being annoyed, upset, or impatient, because you cannot control or change a situation, or achieve something懊丧,懊恼,沮丧
•People often feel a sense of frustration that they are not being promoted quickly enough. 人们经常有一种挫折感,就是觉得自己升职不够快。
•In spite of his frustrations, he fell in love with the country. 尽管失意,但他还是爱上了这个国家。
in/with frustration
•I was practically screaming with frustration. 我懊恼得几乎要大叫起来。
2.[U] the fact of being prevented from achieving what you are trying to achieve
受挫,受阻,挫败
[+ of]
•The frustration of his ambitions made him a bitter man. 壮志未酬使他成了个牢骚满腹的人。

20

airlines

An airline is a company that provides regular services carrying people or goods in aeroplanes. 航空公司
• ...the world's largest discount airline.
…世界上最大的折扣航空公司。

21

consultation

/‚kɒns ə l'teɪʃ ə n/
1.[C,U] a discussion in which people who are affected by or involved in something can give their opinions商量,磋商;咨询
[+ with]
•The decision was reached after consultation with parents and teachers. 这个决定是和家长、老师磋商之后作出的。
[+ between]
•He’s calling for urgent consultations between the government and the oil industry to resolve the problem. 他呼吁政府和石油界紧急磋商解决这个问题。
in consultation with sb
•The plans were drawn up in consultation with engineers. 这些计划是和工程师们磋商后制订的。
consultation process/exercise/period
•There will be a public consultation exercise to ask for people’s views. 将举行公众咨询活动以听取民众意见。
consultation paper/document 咨询文件
2.[C] a meeting with a professional person, especially a doctor, for advice or treatment
〔征询专业人士意见的〕咨询会;〔尤指〕就诊
•A follow-up consultation was arranged for two weeks’ time. 复诊安排在两周之后。
3.[U] the process of getting advice from a professional person专家咨询
•Trained parenting experts are available for consultation by telephone. 可以通过电话咨询受过专业培训的育儿专家。

22

Muslim pilgrim

/'mʊzlɪm,'mʊzləm,'mʌz-,'mʊs-/
someone whose religion is Islam
穆斯林,伊斯兰教徒
DERIVATIVE 派生词
Muslim adj
pilgrim /'pɪlɡrɪm,'pɪlɡrəm/
a religious person who travels a long way to a holy place朝圣者,香客
•pilgrims visiting a holy shrine 祭拜圣庙的朝圣者

23

estimated

estimatingestimatedestimates
1.V-T If you estimate a quantity or value, you make an approximate judgment or calculation of it. 估计
• Try to estimate how many steps it will take to get to a close object.
估计一下需要多少步才能到达一个近距目标。
• I estimate that total cost for treatment will go from $9,000 to $12,500.
我估计治疗费总额将在9千美元到1.25万美元之间。
2.ADJ 估计的
• There are an estimated 90,000 gangsters in the country.
这个国家估计有9万名歹徒。
3.N-COUNT An estimate is an approximate calculation of a quantity or value. 估计
• ...the official estimate of the election result.
…选举结果的官方估计。
4.N-COUNT An estimate is a judgment about a person or situation that you make based on the available evidence. 判断
• I hadn't been far wrong in my estimate of his grandson's capabilities.
我对他孙子能力的判断没有太离谱。
5.N-COUNT An estimate from someone who you employ to do a job for you, such as a builder or a plumber, is a written statement of how much the job is likely to cost. 估价
• Quotes and estimates can be prepared by computer on the spot.
报价和估价可以当场用电脑做出来。

24

protester

/prə'testə/
someone who takes part in a public activity such as a demonstration in order to show their opposition to something
抗议者

25

alliance

/əˈlaɪəns/
MEANINGS 义项
1.an arrangement in which two or more countries, groups etc agree to work together to try to change or achieve something联盟,结盟
[+ with]
•Britain’s military alliance with her NATO partners 英国与其北约伙伴的军事联盟
[+ between]
•the possibility of a political alliance between the two parties 两党政治联盟的可能性
make/enter into/form/forge an alliance (=agree to work together)结成联盟
•The companies have formed an alliance to market the product. 各家公司联手将该产品推向市场。
2.a group of two or more countries, groups etc who work together to achieve something结盟团体,同盟
•independent organizations and alliances 独立组织和联盟
3.in alliance (with sb/sth)
if two groups, countries etc are in alliance, they work together to achieve something or protect each another
(与某人/某物)联盟[联手]
•Relief workers in alliance with local charities are trying to help the victims. 救济人员与当地慈善机构联合起来,设法帮助灾民。
→ at 见 unholy →unholy alliance at 见 unholy1

26

royalist

/'rɔɪəlɪst,'rɔɪələst/
someone who supports their country’s king or queen, or believes that a country should be ruled by kings or queens
保皇主义者;君主主义者

27

corrupt

/kə'rʌpt/
1.using your power in a dishonest or illegal way in order to get an advantage for yourself
贪污受贿的,腐败的
OPP incorruptible
THESAURUS dishonest
•Corrupt judges have taken millions of dollars in bribes. 腐败的法官接受了几百万美元的贿赂。
2.immoral or dishonest不道德的,堕落的
•a corrupt society 堕落的社会
•officials engaged in corrupt practices 徇私舞弊的官员
3.something that is corrupt is not pure or has been damaged or partly ruined
不纯的;有缺陷的;有错误的
•corrupt data 有错误的数据
DERIVATIVE 派生词
corruptly adv
corruptness n [U]
corrupt 2 v. [T ]
1.to encourage someone to start behaving in an immoral or dishonest way使堕落,使败坏,使腐化
•Young prisoners are being corrupted by the older, long-term offenders. 年轻的囚犯正在被年纪较大、刑期长的犯人带坏。
2.to change the traditional form of something, such as a language, so that it becomes worse than it was
破坏,侵蚀〔语言等的纯洁〕
•The culture has been corrupted by Western influences. 这种文化在西方文化的影响下受到了侵蚀。
3.to change the information in a computer, so that the computer does not work properly any more
损坏,破坏〔计算机中的信息〕
•a virus which corrupts the data on your hard drive 破坏你硬盘中数据的一种病毒
DERIVATIVE 派生词
corruptible adj
corruptibility n /kə͵rʌptəˋbɪlətɪ ; kə‚rʌptɪ'bɪlɪti,kə‚rʌptɪ'bɪləti,kə‚rʌptə'bɪlɪti,kə‚rʌptə'bɪləti / [U

28

hostile

/'hɒstaɪl/
1.angry and deliberately unfriendly towards someone, and ready to argue with them
怀有敌意的,敌对的,不友善的
THESAURUS unfriendly
•Southampton fans gave their former coach a hostile reception . 南安普敦队的球迷对球队的前任教练很不友善。
•Carr wouldn’t meet Feng’s stare, which was openly hostile . 卡尔不愿意面对冯公然敌视的目光。
•his hostile attitude 他敌对的态度
[+ to/towards]
•The boy feels hostile towards his father. 那个男孩对父亲怀有敌意。
2.opposing a plan or idea very strongly
强烈反对的
[+ to/towards]
•Senator Lydon was hostile to our proposals. 莱登参议员强烈反对我们的议案。
3.belonging to an enemy
敌人的,敌方的
•hostile territory 敌方领土

29

monarchy

/'mɒnəki/
pl: monarchies
1.[U] the system in which a country is ruled by a king or queen
君主政体,君主制
THESAURUS government
•the abolition of the monarchy 君主制的废除
2.[C] a country that is ruled by a king or queen
君主国
RELTD republic
3.
the monarchy
the king or queen of a country, and his or her family
君主及王室成员

People are going to be questioning the role of the monarchy more and more. 人们会越来越质疑君主和王室的作用。

30

exile

/'eksaɪl, 'eɡzaɪl/
1.[singular,单数, U] a situation in which you are forced to leave your country and live in another country, especially for political reasons〔尤指出于政治原因的〕流亡国外
•He went into exile to escape political imprisonment. 他为了逃避政治监禁而流亡国外。
•He spent many years in enforced exile. 他被强制流放了许多年。
in exile
•a writer now living in exile 现正过着流亡生活的作家
force/drive sb into exile
•The house was raided and the family was forced into exile. 房子被抄,全家人被迫流亡。
voluntary/self-imposed exile
•She had been in voluntary exile since 1990. 她从1990年起一直自愿流亡。
2.[C] someone who has been forced to live in exile被流放者;流亡国外者
→ tax exile
•political exiles 政治流亡者
exile 2 v. [T usually passive 一般用被动态]
to force someone to leave their country, especially for political reasons
〔尤指出于政治原因而〕放逐,流放〔某人〕
•the exiled former president 流亡国外的前总统
exile sb to sth
•Several of the leaders were arrested and exiled to France. 好几位领导人被逮捕并流放至法国。
exile sb from sth
•a dictator who was exiled from his home country 被流放异乡的独裁者

31

现状

current situation

32

细致分析

give a detailed analysis of

33

camp

安营扎寨
vi. 露营;扎营
vt. 扎营;使扎营
n. 露营

34

in league with

和…联合;与…勾结
[网络] 密谋;与

35

accuse

vt. 控告,指控;谴责;归咎于
vi. 指责;控告
[专业] 控诉 [文学]
accuse of控告,谴责

36

lay out

展示;安排;花钱;为…划样;提议
[网络] 布置;摆出
[专业] 布局 [经济学];布局 [交通运输工程]

37

海内外

home and broad

38

开发

exploration and construction

39

吸引资金/本

attract capital

40

日渐活跃

increasingly dynamic有活力的

41

on The whole

总体上

42

market awareness

市场意识

43

总收入

total revenue n. 税收,国家的收入;收益

44

六大新兴消费热点行业

one of The six emerging major consumer industries

45

客源输出国

source of tourists

46

boom

vt. 使兴旺;发隆隆声
vi. 急速发展;发隆隆声
n. 繁荣;吊杆;隆隆声
n. (Boom)人名;(法、德)博姆
[网络] 长杆话筒;博姆
[专业] 高涨 [经济学];臂架 [机械工程];动臂 [土木建筑工程]

47

发展初期

early stages of The development

48

enable

vt. 使能够,使成为可能;授予权利或方法
[网络] 使能够;使能;开启
[专业] 启动 [计算机科学技术]

49

barriers

n. 障碍;栅栏;篱笆墙(barrier的复数形式)
[网络] 隔音板;篱笆墙
[专业] 壁垒 [经济学];障碍 [法学];护栏 [交通运输工程]

50

prospect

n. 前途;预期;景色
vi. 勘探,找矿
vt. 勘探,勘察
[网络] 前景;展望

51

review

n. 回顾;复习;评论;检讨;检阅
vt. 回顾;检查;复审
vi. 回顾;复习功课;写评论

52

thorough

adj. 彻底的;十分的;周密的
[网络] 一揽子;深入

53

国民经济

national economy

54

特色旅游

tours with special characteristics

55

出境市场

outbound market

56

国内市场

domestic market

57

税收

tax revenue

58

明显的国际竞争优势

distinct global competitive edge
edgen. 边缘;优势;刀刃;锋利
vt. 使锐利;将…开刃;给…加上边
vi. 缓缓移动;侧着移动
n. (Edge)人名;(英)埃奇
[网络] 网络连接;缘
[专业] 边缘 [计算机科学技术];边缘 [电子、通信与自动控制技术];边缘 [地球科学]

59

account for

对…负有责任;对…做出解释;说明……的原因;导致;(比例)占
[网络] 说明;解释;占

60

receipt

n. 收到;收据;收入
vt. 收到
[网络] 收条
[专业] 发票 [经济学];接受 [文学]

61

senior figures

资深人士
高层人物

62

foreign embassies

外国使馆

63

deputy premier for economic affairs

分管经济事务的副总理

64

beside

prep. 在旁边;与…相比;和…无关
[网络] 在;在…旁边

65

tens of 数十
hundreds of 数百的,成百上千的
thousands of 数千的,成千上万的

tens of thousands of数万的
hundreds of thousands of数十万的
millions of数百万的
tens of millions of数千万的
hundreds of millions of数亿的
billions of数十亿的
tens of billions of数百亿的
hundreds of billions of数千亿的
trillions of数万亿的

66

旅游目的地国

Tourist destinations

67

坚持对外开放

insist on opening up

68

抗议人士
抗议者

protesters

69

反政府组织

anti-government group /organization

70

泰国的

Thai
n. 泰国人;泰国语
adj. 泰国的;泰国人的
[网络] 泰语;泰国

71

泰国

Thailand

72

穆斯林

muslims