Paediatric Pathologies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Paediatric Pathologies Deck (18):
1

Signs of resp distress

tachypnoea, grunting, wheezing, chest wall retraction, use of accessory muscles, pallor, cyanosis, abdo protrusion

2

Signs of hypoxia

INFANTS: lethargy, bradycardia, hypotension, apnoea, pallor
CHILDREN: restlessness, tachypnoea, tacycardia, cyanosis

3

URTIs signs and symptoms

Runny nose, acute pharyngitis, fever, inflammed cervical lymph nodes

4

URTIs treatment

symptomatic including paracetamol

5

Tonsilar Infections signs and symptoms

swelling of tonsils and pharynx
white exudate

6

treatment of tonsilar infections

should not require antibiotics
gargles, lozenges
paracetamol

7

Otitis media (inner ear infection) signs and symptoms

fever, deafness and pain in one ear, irritable child, bulging red tympanic membrane

8

Otitis media treatment

most resolve spontaneously
symptomatic
penicillin if bacterial

9

Croup pathophysiology

Mucous membranes of larynx adhere tightly to cartilage where sub-epiglottic space is looser - therefore oedema
Cricoid cartilage is narrowest point therefor eoedema is bad

10

Risk factors of Croup

late autumn and winter
boys
many reoccur
family history

11

Signs and Symptoms of Croup

after rhinorrhea, sore throat, fever, causes seal-like barking cough

12

Treatment of Croup in pre-hospital

Nebulised adrenaline reduces oedema and inflammation

13

Acute Epiglottis signs and symptoms

High fever, sore throat, insp stridor, drooling and dysphagia, severe resp distress, muffled voice, sitting up mouth open chin thrust forward, inflammatory oedema of supraglotic area, death within hours

14

Croup vs Epiglottitis

Pale and lethargic, barking cough, stridor, slower onset, signs and symptoms of URTI, hypoxic and restless

Septic and flushed, NO cough, rapid onset, exp snore, drooling

15

Bronchiolitis Pathophysiology

affects epithelial cells of resp tract. swelling of bronchial mucosa, allows air entry but can't leave therefore overinflation

16

Signs and Symptoms of Bronchiolitis

mild fever, appetite loss, progressive distress with wheezy cough, dyspneoa and irritability, retraction

17

Pneumonia Signs and Symptoms

short term history of fever, cough and resp distress, tachypnoea and intercostal retraction, toxic appearance

18

Asthma results from:

bronchospasm, mucous plugging, bronchial oedema