page 148-157 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in page 148-157 Deck (82):
1

70-120 m/s

A alpa fibers

2

40-70 m/s

A beta fibers

3

10-50 m/s

A-y fibers

4

A- d

6-30 m/s

5

b fiber

3-15m/s

6

.5-2 m/s

c fiber

7

12-20 mu m

a Alpa

8

a beta

5-12 mu m

9

2-5 mu m

A y

Ad

10

<3 mu mu

B fiber

11

C fibers

.4-1.2 mu M

12

only fiber w/o myelin

C fiber

13

propioception

motor

alpa a

14

sense touch pressure

A- Beta fiber

15

muscle spindle

A-y

16

sharp pain 

temp  

touch

A d

17

preganglionic autonomic

B fiber

18

dull pain

temp

Post gang auto

C fiber

19

Leastanestetic sensitive 

a alpha fiber

20

most anestetic sensitive

C fiber

21

cllection of cell bodies

ganglia

22

sensory ganglia

dorsal root ganglia

23

autonomic ganglia

sympatheticc

24

symp. chain ganglia

located on each symp trunk 

along vert column

25

3 cerv

12 thoracic

4 lumbar

3 sacral

 

symp chain ganglia

26

PS 

 

ciliary

pterygopal

submand

otic 

celiac

sup mesenteric

inf mesenteric

27

plexus

interdigitation of nerves

 

28

formed by ant rami of cerv , brachial, lumbar, sacral regions

plexus

29

Cervical plexus

C1-4

30

C5-T1

brachial plexus

31

lumbar plexus

L1-4

formed in psoase muscle

 

32

formed in lower abd

and lower limb

lumbar plexus

33

femoral nerve and obturator neve

lumbar plexus

34

saccral plexus

L4-5 and S1-4

35

post pelvic wall in front of piriformis

sacral plexus

36

lower back

pelvis

part of thigh

leg

foot

sacral plexus

37

sciatic nerve

gluteal nerve

pelvis splancnic nerve

sacral plexus

38

fight or flight 

thoracolumbar

sympathetic ANS

39

craniosacral

rest and digest

all have eff and aff components

eff is major

PS 

40

GVE

invol

controls and reg SM cardiac muscle and glands

41

in ganglia in symp chain-->1st thoracc spinal segment to upper lumbar segment

symp pregang neurons

42

PS pregang neurons

within brainstem

and segments S2-4 of spinal cord

43

hypothalamus, ret formation

--------- 

pregang neuron (---- in symp, -----in PS)

ganglion (outisde CNS)

Postgang neurons (---- in symp, -----in PS)

effector organ

hypothalamus, ret formation

interomediolateral horn(cell body of pregang neuron)

pregang neuron (short in symp, ling in PS)

ganglion (outisde CNS)

Postgang neurons (long in symp, short in PS)

effector organ

44

connect symp trunk to every spinal nerve

gray rami 

45

limited to spinal cord segments b/n T1 and T2

white rami

46

interomediolateral horn of spinal cord

cell bodies of visceral efferent pregang fibers

47

cell bodies of visceral afferent fibers

dorsal root ganglia

48

fluid selectively permeable barrier consisting of ampipathic phospholipid bilayer contains integral proteins and peripheal proteins

Plasma membranes

49

site of cell synthesizing activity 

cytoplasm

50

cytoplasmic inclusions; glycogen, pigment granules, secretory granules, lipid droplet

cytoplasmic inclusions

51

cytoplasm

 

cytoplasmic matrix with ground substance

52

RER

protein synthesis for export outside cell

studded with ribosomes

53

SER

steroid syntesis(adrenal cotex and testes)

sequesters Ca2+(skeletal and cardiac muscle)

lipid and glycogen metabolism(liver)

54

golgi app

posttrans. modification and package of proteins

lysosome production

(addds oligosacch. for glycoproteins and sulfate groups for proteoglycans)

55

ATP production via kreb cycle and ox phos

mitochondrion

56

inner and outer membrane

contain own cyclic DNA and not present in erythrocyte

Mitochondria

57

lysosome

hydroltic enzymes digest microorganism

produced by Golgi App

58

elimination of H2O2 by various ox enzymes

peroxisomes

59

vesicles formed as result of phagocytosis

endosome

60

provide structure support 

intracell transport

cell movement

made of tubulin

microtubules

61

axonemes

specialized group of microtubule found in cilia and flagella arranged in "9+2 " pattern

62

centriole

provide microtubule organization

form ends of mitoti spindleduring mitosis

63

important for muscle contraction and provide cellular movement or anchorage

microfilament

64

provide cytoskeletal support

int. filament

65

basal bodies

required for development of cilia

derived from centriole

66

protein synthesis for use within cell

composed of rRNA and protein

ribosome

67

nuclear membrane

composed of inner and outer PM

68

ground substance of nuclues

nuceloplasm

69

complex of DNA and protein

chromatin

70

euchromatin

loosely arranged chromatin

indicates nuclear activity

71

highly condensed chromatin

heterochromatin

72

site of rRNA syn. and nonmembranous

nucleuolus

73

barr body

repressed X chromosome found in cells in females

appears as dense chromatin mass adjacent to nuc membrane

used for sex IDing

74

fingerlike structures of various lengths on apical surface of most ep cells

microvilli

75

core made up of microfil.

microvilli

76

provide inc. SA for absorption and transport of fluid

microvilli

77

sterreocilia

long microvilli located only in epididymis and sensory cels of inner ear

78

cilia 

short hairlike structures used for locomotion or movement of substances along cell membrane

79

function in synchronous coordinated wave motion

require basal bodies for development

cilia

80

flagella

long whiplike used for locomotion

function in undulating snake like movement

 

81

in humans found in spermatozoa

Humans(flagela)

82