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Flashcards in Page 5-10 Ch 1-9 Deck (115):
1

2nd Person singular Regular verbs
I we
you speak, believe, live you (plural informal)
you (formal singular & plural)
he/she/it they (m & f )

(yo) -o (nosotros/nosotras) amos, emos, imo's
(tu') hablas, crees, vives (vosotros/vosotras) a'is, e'is, i's
(usted) habla, cree, vive (ustedes) an, en
(e'l/ella) a, e (ellos, ellas) an, en

2

tu' often used for (& for emphasis)

?y tu'? emphasis: ?eres tu'?

3

to who/to whom

A quien

4

What are we going to do with you?

?Que' vamos a hacer contigo?

5

and then

y luego

6

toys

juguetes

7

disobedient

desobediente

8

for you

yo no te

9

to tell

dile

10

should/must

deber

11

to need

necesitar

12

male dog

perro

13

female cat

gata

14

serious

serio

15

small

pequen~o, pequen~a

16

black

negro, negra

17

affectionate

carin~oso, carin~osa

18

intelligent

inteligente

19

contribution

contribuciones

20

society

sociedad

21

favourite subject

materia favorito

22

physical education

educacio'n fi'sico

23

domestic animals

los animales dome'stico

24

Someday

Algu'n di'a

25

to make

hacen

26

on the other hand

en cambio

27

2 vowels next to each other pronounced as a single sound

diphtong. combinations of a.e.o with the vowels i or u in any order.

28

communism

comunismo

29

racism

racismo

30

artist (both male and female)

artista (for plural add s)

31

optimist

optimista

32

director

director

33

builder, manufacturer

constructor

34

is going to find (person)

va a encontrar a

35

words that end in ___ are masculine

or

36

words that end in ___ are feminine

ora

37

selfish

egoi'smo

38

he or she was

fue

39

to get, receive (grades)

sacar

40

grade (academic)

la nota

41

at times/sometimes

a veces

42

the farewell

La Despedida

43

When I was young

Cuando era joven

44

was hard and ambicious

era duro y ambicioso

45

religious

religioso

46

found out nothing

nunca supo nada

47

good person and generous

persona buena y generosa

48

after

depue's de

49

remembers

recuerda

50

memories

recuerdos

51

his or her role

su papel

52

is born

nace

53

he marries

su casa

54

army

ejercito

55

desperately

desesperadamente

56

nor

ni

57

thus, in that way

asi'

58

search, quest

la bu'squeda

59

morning

man~ana

60

I assist, how?, write, explain, work, walk, to be called, to eat, I go, to enter, to search, to speak, to visit, to study, to run, to arrive

asisto, como, escribo, explico, trabajo, camino, llamo, ceno, voy, entro, busco, hablo, visito, estudio, corro, llego

61

farewell

despedida

62

hope to see you again

hasta luego

63

see you tomorrow

hasta man~ana

64

Bye

Adio's

65

elegant restaurant

un restaurante elegante

66

What a day has passed!

?Que' di'a hemos pasado!

67

totalk about yourself and another person add ? 1st person plural we

amos, emos, imos

68

1st person plural we
I we talk, live, believe
you singular Informal & plural informal
you singular formal & plural formal
he, she, it they

yo -o nosotros, nosotras hablamos, vivimos, creemos
tu' as, es vosotros, vosotras a'is, e'is, i's
usted a, e ustedes an, en
e'l, ella a, e ellos, ellas an, en

69

we look for, buy, wish/want, write, study, investigate, to take, (to be), to use

buscamos, comprendemos, deseamos, escribimos, estudiamos, investigamos, llevamos, sacamos, somos, usamos

70

world geography

geografi'a mundial

71

to know

saber

72

alot of work

muchos trabajos

73

of course

claro

74

about the

acerca del

75

excellent

excelentes

76

to travel

viajar

77

to write

escibir

78

to work

trabajar

79

to study

estudiar

80

to buy, go shopping

comprar

81

to eat dinner

cenar

82

to eat together

cenamos todos juntos

83

work at night

trabajamos por la noche

84

classes

las clases

85

clothes

ropa

86

shoes

zapatos

87

walk in the city

caminamos por la ciudad

88

history

historia

89

walk in the park

caminar en el parque

90

to run

correr

91

eat lunch in the cafeteria

tomar algo en la cafetari'a

92

to visit

visitar a

93

to speak with

hablar con

94

to call

llamar a

95

to write exercises

escribir ejercicios

96

Mexico & Spain you informal and formal differences

tu' ustedes (pl) usted ustedes (Mexico)
tu' vosotros/vosotras (pl) usted ustedes (Spain) 2nd person - ppl you are directly speaking to

97

three simple rules
-if a word ends in a ____ stress falls
- if a word ends in any other consonant stress falls ____.
- any exceptions to the above will have ____

three simple rules
-if a word ends in a n, s or vowel stress falls on the next to last syllable
- if a word ends in any other consonant stress falls on the last syllable.
- any exceptions to the above will have a written accent mark on the stressed vowel.

98

A written accent on the ____ will break a dipthong, causing pronunciation of 2 syllables.

accent mark on i or u (2 syllables created)

99

When _____ are paired in any combo, they result in 2 seperate syllables.

a, e & o (paired = 2 syllables)

100

-ante, -ente
interesting, intelligent, dominant

interesante, inteligente, dominante
-ent, ant, ing

101

-ura
literature, figure, architecture, culture, sculpting, fascinating, painting, tolerant

literatura, figura, arquitectura, cultura, escultura, fascinante, pintura, tolerante

102

for many centuries

por muchos siglos

103

one can

todavia se puede

104

design

disen~os

105

each

cada

106

relatively

bastante

107

ser (to be - irregular verb)
I am, we are
you are (informal s & plural)
you are (formal s & plural)
he, she, it is they are

ser ( to be)
yo soy nosotros/nosotras somos
tu' eres vosotros/vosotras sois
usted es ustedes son
e'l/ella es ellos/ellas son

108

Ser is used to

equate one thing with another (like me with my profession)

109

ser is used with ___ to tell where someone or something is from

de
Yo soy de Winnipeg

110

Possessive adjectives
my our
your (singular & plural)
His/her their

Possessive adjectives
mi, mis nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras
tu, tus vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras
su, sus su, sus

111

estar (irregular)
I am we are
you are (informal s & p)
you are (formal s &p)
he, she is they are

estar (irregular)
yo estoy nosotros, nosotras estamos
tu' esta's vosotros, vosotras esta'is
Ud. esta' Uds esta'n
e'l/ella esta' ellos, ellas esta'n

112

estar is used for

- to tell where someone or something is located (mi hermana esta' en ____)
-to tell how someone is feeling (ella esta' muy contenta)

113

Present tense regular & infinitives
to speak, to eat, to live
I we
you (informal s & p)
you (formal s & p)
he, she they

hablar comer vivir
yo hablo como vivo
(we) hablamos comemos vivimos
tu' hablas comes vives
(you v) habla'is come'is vivi's
Ud, e'l, ella habla, come, vive
Uds, ellos, ellas hablan, comen, viven

114

adjectives agree in gender & number
a back m. dog
the little house

un perro negro
la casa pequen~a

115

adjectives ending in e or most consonents have ____ form
the intelligent daughter
a kind friend (m)

only 1 singular and 1 plural
la hija inteligente las hijas inteligentes
un amigo fiel unos amigos fieles