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Flashcards in Pain & Nociception 1 Deck (70)
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1

what are some plural pains

dentine sensitivity
caries
trauma
cracked cusp

2

what is dentine sensitivity

expo dentine irritates the pulp as they are inseparable, bacteria prod toxins which = inflam

3

what is cracked cusp

restoration sill alive (amalgam) cusp fracture fell pain from hot/cold and biting down due to inflam at apex

4

what is the pain associated with the periodontium

typically abscess (apical pulp died off)

5

what is dry socket pain

socket doesn't heal properly, clot comes out open socket and bone gets infected (osteitis)

6

what are CMD's

cranio mandiular disorders (TMJ problems)

7

what are the CMD's that can be present

TMJ
Masticatory muscles

8

what can be the pain assc with the salivary glands

blocked duct = drier mouth but more imp when eat alive prod and is blocked = infected and swollen duct

9

what is the pain assc with sinusitis

symptoms can manifest as both pain
sore when pt moves head

10

what are some neuropathic pains

dysesthesia
trigeminal neuralgia
deafferntation
neuroma
post hepatic neuralgia
burning mouth syndrome

11

what is dysesthsia

pain from damage of peripheral nerves

12

what is trigeminal neuralgia

idea of cutting someones spinal trigeminal tract

13

what is deafferation

nerves cut sometimes die off

14

what is a neuroma

formed from deafferation ball nerves spontaneously active

15

what is post hepatic neuralgia

assc with skin deramotme and zoster virus

16

what is burning mouth syndrome

not well known just burning sensation assc with mouth

17

what are a few headache types assc wit pain

migraines
temporal (giant cell) arteritis

18

what is temporal (giant cell) arthritis

arteries become inflam in head and neck

19

what is pain the only possible outcome of

a noxious stimulus

20

what are the non sensory effects of a nociceptive stimulus

protective reflexes
CVD reflexes
alertness

21

what are non sensory effects of thermorecetptive stim

thermoreg reflex
sweating
shivering

22

what are non sensory effects of mechanoreceptive tim

reflexes
stretch
protective
salivary

23

what are non sensory effects of proprioceptive stim

stretch reflexes

24

what are non sensory effects of gustation stim

salivary reflexes

25

what si the definition of pain

an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience assc with actual or potential tissue damage

26

what does the experience of pain depend on

usually strength stim or degree tissue damage
adrenaline
emotions
past experience of pain
ability to comprehend causes/consequences

27

what are other sensations of pain

mechanical - segmental controls - dull pain down
other pains - diffuse noxious inhibit controls
(one pain cancels out other)

28

what is nocicieption

th activation of neural pathways by stimuli that damage or threaten to damage tissue - process

29

what is noxious stimulus

potentially damaging stimulus - e.g. hot water

30

what is nociceptive stimulus

a stimulus that activates nociceptive pathways ( in research electrical stim)