palate, pterygopalatine fossa, paranasal structures Flashcards Preview

Head and Neck Anatomy Practice Questions > palate, pterygopalatine fossa, paranasal structures > Flashcards

Flashcards in palate, pterygopalatine fossa, paranasal structures Deck (46):
1

what are turbinates

the things that stick out into the nasal cavities

2

bones that form the pterygomaxillary fissure

maxillary on anterior side, pterygoid plate of sphenoid on the posterior side

3

what ganglion is in the pterygomaxillary fissure? and what is a nerve that goes into there

a pterygopalatine ganglion and a petrosal nerve. look it up.

4

if you have a pituitary tumor, how could you get in there to fix it

stick instruments up through the nose to the sella turcica

5

what canal conects the pterygopalatine fossa to the nose

pterygoid canal

6

what bone fits into the sphenoid?

ethmoid.

7

what bones make the pterygopalatine fossa?

palatine bone on medial side, sphenoid posteriorly, maxilla anteriorly

8

palatine canal contains what nerves

palatine nerves that go to posterior edge of the palate (not sure hard or soft)

9

does he think that the palatovaginal groove is important?

not sure, its really small and its only purpose is for a litttttle blood vessel to nasopharynx

10

what are the five canals from the pterygopalatine fossa

palatine, palatovaginal, pterygoid, sphenopalatine foramen, and infraorbital

11

nerve through the sphenopalatine foramen?

nasal/nasopalatine nerve

12

the sympathetics that run through the fossa come from?

superior cervical ganglion that turns into a plexus around the ICA

13

do parasympathetics synapse in the peterygopalatine ganglion?

of course!!

14

where do the pterygopalatine arteries come from?

maxillary. all of em.

15

review: post synaptic parasympathetics to the lacrimal gland synapse where?

pterygopalatine ganglion.

16

what nerve goes around the middle meningeal artery

auriculotemporal nerve

17

what is the elusive venous plexous?

pterygoid venous plexus in the infratermporal fossa.

18

what are some major veins that connect to the pterygoid plexus?

welp. i used to know this

19

why do your teeth hurt when your sinus hurts?

the superior dental plexus nerves run on the inferior edge of the mucous memebrane of the maxillary sinus. when it swells those guys get mad

20

meatus in your nose?

the groove underneath a nasal conche

21

greater and lesser palatine nerves are branches of?

V2

22

where does the external nasal branch come from?

anterior ethmoidal from V1 (remember the nasociliary gave off some branches to the nose?)

23

sensory to the mucosa of the nose. CN?

V1/2

24

besides V, what CN is in the nose?

don't think too hard. olfactory

25

lesser palatine nerve is sensory to?

SOFT palate.

26

CN for sensory of palate?

V2. you know this stuff!!

27

where does the maxillary sinus drain?

when you're sick, your nose runs. all of the sinuses drain to the nose!!

28

why do kids get ear infections?

the eustacian tube is horizontal between the ear and the nose. since theres not an incline, crap can get into the middle ear.

29

why do you have turbinates?

it creates TURBulance to warm and moisten air

30

space above the superior concha?

spheno-ethmoidal recess

31

vomer is a part of what bone?

trick question!!! it is its own bone

32

INFERIOR nasal concha is part of what bone?

another trick question!!! it is its own bone too

33

SUPERIOR nasal conca is part of what bone?

ethmoid.

34

what bones articulate with vomer?

palatine bones, ethmoid, maxilla. not sure if thats all of them

35

where does the sphenoidal sinus drain.

into the nose, but it goes into the spheno-ethmoidal recess

36

where does the frontal sinus empty? how does it get there?

to nose through ethmoidal bulla into middle meatus

37

relationship of openings to maxillary sinus and frontal sinus

the ethmoidal bulla is superior and anterior to the opening for maxillary sinus

38

where does nasolacrimal duct open?

beneath the inferior nasal conche

39

special name for the space that has the openings for anterior ethmoidal cells

similunar hiatus

40

your kid gets a pea stuck up their nose, so you look up there. what do you see.

a pea. on the other side, you should be able to see the inferior and middle conchae. NOT the SUPERIOR

41

branches that go through sphenopalatine foramen go where?

both the septum AND the lateral wall of the nose

42

5 main arteries that are going into the nose. name for this.

Kiesselbach area. anterior ethmoidal, posterior ethmoidal, sphenopalatine artery ( to lateral wall and septum), superior labial (from facial), greater palatine (from incisive canal)

43

what is always on the boards?

Kiesselbach area

44

CN that is posterior to sphenoid sinus

optic chiasm

45

___ carries psy innervation to all the glands below the oral fissure

chorda tympani

46

superior continuation of the nasal septum into the cranium

christa galli