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Flashcards in Pancreas Deck (21):
1

Is the pancreas covered in peritoneum

It's retroperitoneal except for the tail

2

What abdominal regions does the pancreas occupy

Epigastrium
Let hypochondrium

3

What are the parts of the pancreas

Ucinate process
Head
Neck
Body
Tail

4

What is the head of pancreas

Widest part of the pancreas embraced by the C-shaped curve of the duodenum

5

Location of head of pancreas

Right of superior mesenteric vessels
Inferior to transtubercular plane

6

Where do the superior mesenteric vessels cross the pancreas

Posterior surface of the neck
Anterior to the ucinate process

7

Where does the splenic vein join the SMV to form the hepatic portal vein

Posterior to the neck of the pancreas

8

Where does the stomach lie in relation to the pancreas

The anterior surface of the neck of pancreas is adjacent to the pylorus
Anterior to the body of pancreas

9

Which vertebra does the body of pancreas cross

L2

10

What is the body of pancreas in contact with

Aorta
SMA
Left adrenal gland
Left kidney
Renal vessels

11

What does the pancreatic tail pass between

Layers of the splenorenal ligament

12

What is the pancreatic tail in close contact to

Anterior to left kidney
Splenic hilum
Left colic flexure

13

Course of the pancreatic duct

Begins at the tail and runs to the head where it turns inferiorly and joins the common bile duct

14

What connects acini

Intercalated ducts

15

What do the intercalated ducts drain into

Intralobular collecting ducts which then drain into the main pancreatic duct

16

Arterial supply of the pancreas except the head

Coeliac trunk -> splenic -> pancreatic arteries
E.g. Greater pancreatic artery and dorsal pancreatic artery

17

Arterial supply of the head of pancreas

Coeliac trunk -> common hepatic -> gastroduodenal -> anterior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries

Superior mesenteric -> inferior pancreaticoduodenal -> anterior and posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries

18

Venous drainage of the pancreas except the head

Pancreatic veins empty into the splenic vein or SMV

19

Venous drainage of the head of pancreas

Superior and inferior pancreaticoduodenal veins empty into the SMV

20

What do pancreatic lymphatic vessels empty into

Pancreaticosplenal nodes
Pyloric nodes

21

What do the pancreaticosplenal and pyloric nodes drain into

Superior mesenteric node
Coeliac lymph node