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Flashcards in pancreas and spleen Deck (17):
1

Where is the spleen?

floor of lesser sac and in epigastric & left hypochondriac region

2

where is the head?

lying in the c shaped concavity of the duodenum

3

what is jaundice?

bile pigment accumulating in blood.
eyes and skin are yellow

4

What is the pancreas uncinate process?

projection of lower part of head to the left side behind the behind the superior messenteric vessels

5

What is the spleens arterial supply?

splenic artery
superior/inferior pancreatic duodenal arteries

6

What is the function of the spleen?

exocrine gland(produce digestive enzymes
endocrine gland islets of langerhans- produce glucogon and insulin

7

What are the two ducts of the spleen?

Main pancreatic duct (duct of wirsung)
accessory pancreatic duct (santorinis duct)

8

What is the path of the main pancreatic duct?

begins at tail
runs entire pancreas
carries pancreatic juices
joins bile duct -forms hepopancreatic ampulla

9

What is the path and function of the accessory pancreatic duct?

begins lower portion of head
drains head and body
empties at the lesser duodenal papilla

10

Where is the spleen?

large vascular lymphatic organ

Lies against the diaphragm and ribs 9-11
left hypochondriac region

11

what supports the spleen?

lienogastric (splenogastric) ligament
lienorenal (splenorenal) ligament

12

What covers the spleen?

the peritoneum

13

where is the spleen developed?

Developed as a thickening mesenchyme in dorsal mesogastrium

14

What is the arterial supply of the spleen?

splenic artery

15

what is the venous supply?

splenic vein?

16

what is the spleen composed of?

white pulp lymph tissue around arteries (immune and phagocytotic action)

red pulp -primary site of filtration

17

What is the function of the spleen?

removes damage erythrocytes and platlets by macrophages
stores blood platlets in the red pulp
produces mature lymphocytes, macrophages, antibodies in white pulp