Paper 1- Applied Anatomy & physiology 1️⃣ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Paper 1- Applied Anatomy & physiology 1️⃣ Deck (18):
1







Antagonistic muscles






Create movement when one contracts on the other relaxes

2




Arteries




Take blood away from the heart

3



Capillaries




Take blood to the muscles

4



Cardiac output





The amount of blood pumped out of the heart per minute

5



Functions of the skeleton (5)



Support, aid movement, nutrient storage, protection and blood cell production

6



Gaseous exchange




The process at the alveoli where oxygen is delivered and carbon dioxide is removed

7



Joints in the body



Synovial, pivot, ball + socket, saddle, hinge, condyloid.

Slightly moveable

Immovable

8




Stroke volume



The volume of blood pumped from the left ventricle per beat

9




Tendon



Tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone

10




Tidal volume



The amount of air in spired unexpired with each normal breath

11



Type 1 muscle fibers



Slow twitch- aerobic

12



Type 11a muscle fibers



Fast twitch- anaerobic

13



Type 11x muscle fibers



Extremely fast twitch,
anaerobic- no oxygen used

14



Vascular shunting



Process that increases blood flow to active areas

15



Vasoconstriction



Too cold,
blood vessels constrict- get smaller

16



Vasodilation




Too hot-
blood vessels close to the skin dilate (get bigger)

17



Veins



Takes blood towards the heart

18



Vital capacity



The greatest volume of air that can be expelled from the lungs after taking the deepest possible breath