Flashcards in Paper 2: Socio-cultural influences, sports psychology, health, fitness and well-being Deck (79):
Pleasing to the eye, a technique that looks good.
The physical or mental power or skill needed to do something.
Banned substance enabling performers to train longer and harder, increasing aggression and muscle bulk.
The feeling or fear that we experience that something might go wrong.
This involves taking in the right amount or level of energy that the body needs in its expenditure of energy. In other words you need to have the energy output balancing the energy input.
A drug used to control heart rhythm and lower blood pressure.
The dietary compound primarily responsible for energy production. There are two forms of carbohydrates: simple sugars and complex sugars.
Skills that are performed in a predictable environment.
Skills that involve the intellectual ability of the performer.
Links business and commerce into sport with a primary focus of profit and money which can lead to exploitation.
When there are many decisions to make when executing a skill.
The ability to use different parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently.
Coronary Heart Disease
Where the blood vessels are narrowed and blood flow and oxygen to the heart is reduced.
The unfair treatment of individuals whereby opportunities are not available to all of the different social groups.
A harmful reduction in the amount of water lost in the body through sweating, breathing and urinating.
Behaviour that goes against the moral values or laws in society and of the sport.
Achieving maximum productivity with minimum wasted effort or time.
Energy input=energy expenditure. This equation must balance for your body weight to remain constant.
A state of belonging to a specific social group with common cultural or national traditions or beliefs.
The unwritten rules of the game concerned with fair play and conduct. A convention or accepted way of behaving.
Activity that requires physical effort. Usually carried out to sustain or bring about improvements to health or fitness.
A source of energy and insulation.
Information about a person's performance which is used to change the performance, reinforce learning or motivate a performer.
Essential to maintain the function of the digestive system, preventing constipation.
A person's capacity to carry out life's activities without getting fatigued.
Free flowing, smooth action which is graceful and effortless.
Gaining a sporting advantage by using tactics unfairly.
Shows the relationship between sport, the media and sponsorship, representing the commercial money-making nature of sport.
A committee which regulates an individual sport e.g. England Netball, Rugby Football Union, The Football Association, England Hockey, England Cricket Board and the Lawn Tennis Association.
Money made available to the public and voluntary sectors to help increase provision.
Advice or information aimed at helping a performer.
A complete state of physical, mental or social well-being; not merely the absence of illness or infirmity.
This is the feeling or sense that we get through movement.
The creation of pictures in our mind (can be referred to as mental preparation/visualisation)
External Imagery - When you picture yourself from outside your body.
Internal Imagery - When you imagine yourself actually doing the activity.
Long term goal
A goal which is to be achieved over a long period of time.
The main means of mass communication.
Each member pays an annual fee in order to be a part of the club.
Helps athletes achieve a focused, confident and trusting mindset to help them compete at their highest level.
Chemical processes in the body causing food to be used in an efficient way.
Inorganic elements essential for chemical reactions in our body.
An action or task that has a target or goal and that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to achieve this goal.
Being grossly fat or overweight.
When a skill is affected by the environment and requires the performer to make perceptual decisions.
A disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break.
These are goals related to the end result.
This refers to the number of people within a group who are involved in sport compared with those who are not.
This involves the performer being positive about past experiences and future efforts.
A complex concept that involves interpretation of stimuli.
Goals which are directly related to the performance or a technique of an activity.
Planned and with purpose, this takes experience, is learned, knowing an end goal.
The building blocks for body tissue and essential for growth and repair.
Exercises to calm the mind and body.
A person who serves as an example of the values, attitudes and behaviours associated with a role.
In the form of a solid and is primarily from animal sources.
A lifestyle that involves little to no exercise, with much sitting down.
The process of focusing attention on relevant information during the execution of a skill or during a game.
Confidence in one's own worth or abilities.
Talking to yourself before and during a performance.
Short Term goal
A goal which is to be achieved in a short space of time or even in a specific training session.
When a skill requires few judgements or decisions to be made.
The ability to do something well.
A learned ability to bring about a predetermined result accomplished with maximum efficiency with a minimum outlay of time, energy or both.
A continuous line in which elements at each end are quite extreme.
Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Recorded and Timed.
Support provided to a club, team or individual in the form of money, equipment, kit etc.
This involves organised competition between individuals or teams that includes physical activities.
An organisation that tries to help communities develop sporting habits for life by funding other organisations and projects, getting more people involved in sport.
Fair and generous behaviour showing respect towards your opponent.
A banned substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body.
When members of the public pay a certain cost and the local authority pays the rest.
The National Lottery
Regarded as a grant for sport. World class performers may be funded through the lottery.
Type 2 Diabetes
A metabolic disorder characterised by high blood sugar, lack of insulin due to being overweight and leading a sedentary lifestyle.
In the form of a liquid and comes from plant sources.
The intent to harm others outside the rules of the game.
Essential components of diet which are vital for energy production, metabolism and the prevention of disease.
Crucial in the removal of waste products and for the regulation of temperature.