PARA LAB - Dipylidium, Echinococccus, Raillietina Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 05 > PARA LAB - Dipylidium, Echinococccus, Raillietina > Flashcards

Flashcards in PARA LAB - Dipylidium, Echinococccus, Raillietina Deck (64):
1

CN of dipylidium caninum

dog tapeworm
flea tapeworm
cucumber tapeworm
double pored tapeworm

2

FH of dipylidium caninum

dogs, cat [sometimes]

3

AH of dipylidium caninum

man

4

IH dipylidium caninum

Ctenocephalides canis
Ctenocephalides felis

5

IS of dipylidium caninum

cysticercoid larva

6

MoT of dipylidium caninum

ingestion

7

describe the scolex of dipylidium caninum
>shape
>suckers
>rostellum

conical
4 suckers
retractable armed rostellum

8

parasite with a retractable armed rostellum

D. caninum

9

Describe mature proglottid of of dipylidium caninum

2 genital pores
2 sets of testes and ovaries

10

Describe gravid proglottid of dipylidium caninum

cucumber shaped

11

describe eggs of of dipylidium caninum

enclosed in an egg packet
eggs range from 8 to 15

12

treatment for dipylidium caninum

pzq

13

dx for dipylidium caninum

stool exam

14

shortest and smallest tapeworm of dogs

Echinococcus granulosus

15

CN of E. granulosus

hydatid worm

16

habitat of E. granulosus

small intestine

17

IH of E. granulosus

sheep, goat, swine, cattle, horses, camel

18

To E. granulosus, man is what kind of host

accidental INTERMEDIATE HOST

19

IS to FH of E. granulosus

hydatid cyst

20

FH of E. granulosus

dogs

21

IS to IH of E. granulosus

Embryonated egg

22

MoT of E. granulosus

Ingestion

23

describe scolex of E. granulosus
>shape
>rostellum [armed or unarmed]
># of suckers

pyriform
armed rostellum
4 suckers

24

E. granulosus proglottid is recovered from what host

FH - dogs

25

how many proglottids are there in E. granulosus

3-4 [because shortest]

26

hydatid cyst of E. granulosus is recovered in which host

IH

27

hydatid cyst of E. granulosusis recovered in what organs of the IH

liver and lungs

28

is the hydatid cyst macroscopic or microscopic

macroscopic

29

2 layers of the hydatid cyst of E. granulosus

Laminated/fibrous [outer] and germinal layer [inner]

30

part of E. granulosus hydatid cyst attached to the germinal layer

brood capsule

31

brood capsule contains ____

protoscolex

32

part of the brood capsule attached to the whole germinal layer

stalk of brood capsule

33

immature stages of E. granulosus contained in the hydatid cysts
armed [with hooks]
looks like small scolex

protoscolices

34

miniature hydatid cysts

daughter hydatid cyst

35

layers of the daughter hydatid cyst

germinal and laminated

36

does the daughter hydatid cyst contain brood capsule

yes

37

what happens when the hydatid cyst of E. granulosus bursts

the protoscolex is released

38

what happens to the protoscolex when it is released

it becomes known as "hydrated sand"

39

each protoscolex can develop into new ___

hydatid cyst

40

disease manifestation of E. granulosus [3]

cystic echinococcosis
hydatid cyst
cysticercosis of visceral organs [liver or lungs]

41

what internal organs are targeted by E. granulosus

liver and lungs

42

dx for E. granulosus [5]

x-ray
ultrasound
ct scan
Casoni Intradermal Test
Bentonite Flocculation Test

43

treatment for E. granulosus [4]

surgery
PAIR
Albendazole
PZQ

44

Meaning of PAIR

Puncture the hydatid cyst
Aspirate fluid
Inject scolicidal agent
Reaspirate fluid

45

example of scolicidal agent

hibitane

46

what does the scolicidal agent kill

protoscolex

47

a diagnostic skin test
lysine or extracts of echinococcus is injected

casoni intradermal test

48

what is injected in the casoni intradermal test

lysine or extracts of echinococcus

49

In PAIR, what must be avoided

bursting of HC

50

CN of railletina garrisoni

Madagascar worm

51

FH of railletina garrisoni

rats

52

AH of railletina garrisoni

Man

53

IH of railletina garrisoni

Tribolium or flour beetles

54

IS of railletina garrisoni

cysticercoid larva

55

MoT of railletina garrisoni

ingestion

56

describe the scolex of railletina garrisoni
>shape
>rostellum: armed or unarmed
>shape of hooks: hammer-shaped

subglobular
armed rostellum
hammer-shaped hooks

57

describe the mature proglottid of railletina garrisoni [ovary and testes]

bilobed ovary with 36 - 50 ovoid testes

58

describe the gravid proglottid of railletina garrisoni

rice-grain appearance
with egg packets or egg capsule containing 1-4 eggs

59

number of eggs in an egg capsule of railletina garrisoni

1 to 4

60

appearance of gravid proglottid of r. garrisoni

rice-grain

61

disease manifestation of r. garrisoni

usually asymptomatic

62

who are usually affected by r. garrisoni

children

63

lab diagnosis for railletina garrisoni

stool exam

64

treatment for railletina garrisoni

PZQ

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