Para Lab - Quiz 1 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Para Lab - Quiz 1 Part 2 Deck (55):
1

eukaryotic unicellular organisms
-possess nucleus, organelles and locomotory structures

protozoans

2

phyla in protozoans

sarcomastigophora
ciliophora
apicomplexa

3

subphyla of sarcomastigophora

sarcodina
mastigophora

4

protozoan stage
-vegetative (moving) stage


trophozoite

5

protozoan stage
-motile stage

trophozoite

6

protozoan stage
-found in watery and diarrheic stools (sensitive, easily destroyed if there’s no water)

trophozoite

7

protozoan stage
-resistant stage




cyst

8

protozoan stage
-non-motile

cyst

9

protozoan stage
-usually infective stage

cyst

10

protozoan stage
-stain: Lugol’s iodine

cyst

11

protozoan stage
-found in formed stool

cyst

12

the only pathogenic amoeba; invasive

1. Entamoeba histolytica

13

-morphologically similar to Entamoeba dispar (non-pathogenic)

1. Entamoeba histolytica

14

-causes amoebiasis or amebic dysentery (bloody diarrhea)

1. Entamoeba histolytica

15

Diagnosis for amebiasis

Stool exam/ DFS

16

virulence factors of E.histolytica

Virulence factors:
• Lectin – for attachment
• Amebapores – form holes in tissue
• Cysteine proteinases – destroys tissue

17

commensal, non-pathogenic
-its early cystic stage is similar to E. histolytica

Entamoeba coli

18

amoeba of pigs and monkey

E. polecki

19

entamoeba with no cyst stage

E. gingivalis

20

small race of E. histolytica
-almost the same with E. histolytica but smaller

E. hartmanni

21

entamoeba that ingests WBC

E. gingivalis

22

entamoeba found in oral cavity (only entamoeba not found in large intestine)

E. gingivalis

23

– non-pathogenic amoeba
-very small, size like that of RBC
-
-

Endolimax nana

24

location of Endolimax nana

found in large intestine or colon

25

motility of Endolimax nana

motility of trophozoite: sluggish

26

appearance of cyst of Endolimax nana

cross eyed cyst

27

shape of cyst of Endolimax nana

oval

28

no. of nuclei of E. nana

4

29

does E. nana have peripheral chromatin

no

30

– amoeba of pigs

Iodamoeba butschlii

31

-with large glycogen vacuole (cyst stage)

Iodamoeba butschlii

32

pathogenicity of Iodamoeba butschlii

Non-pathogenic

33

motility of Iodamoeba butschlii

sluggish

34

G. lamblia belongs to what phyla

Phylum Sarcomastigophora
Subphylum Mastigophora

35

-infective stage of G. lamblia


mature cysts

36

-habitat of G. lamblia

small intestine

37

MOT of G. lamblia

ingestion (food or contaminated water)

38

causesGiardiasis, Traveler’s diarrhea
-causative agent of Gay Bowel Syndrome

G. lamblia

39

other names of G. lamblia

G. duodenalis
G. intestinalis

40

Diagnostic Tests for G. lamblia (#)

• DFS, FECT
• Beale’s String Test/Entero-string Test

41


shape of trophozoite of G. lamblia

-pear/pyriform shaped

42

appearance of trophozoite of G. lamblia

-appearance: old man’s face with glasses

43

motility of G. lamblia

falling-leaf motility

44

function of median bodies

energizing structures

45

function of axostyle

maintain structure and support

46

virulence factor of G. lamblia

ventral sucking disk

47

number of flagella of trophozoite of G. lamblia

-8 flagella (4 lateral, 2 caudal, 2 anterior)

48

describe wall of cyst of G. lamblia

double cyst wall

49

number of nuclei of cyst of G. lamblia

4

50

location of Chilomastix mesnili

small intestine

51

pathogenicity of Chilomastix mesnili

non-pathogenic

52

Cyst characteristic appearance of Chilomastix mesnili

American lemon or nipple shape

53

no. of flagella of trophozoite of Chilomastix mesnili

3 anterior flagella
- 1 flagella near the cytostome (mouth portion)
-

54

motility of Chilomastix mesnili

boring, corkscrew motility

55

structure in the cyst of C. mesnili with a shape like that of a shepherd's crook

cytosomal fibril

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