Para Lec - Hemoflagellates Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 05 > Para Lec - Hemoflagellates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Para Lec - Hemoflagellates Deck (43):
1

Leishman-Donovan body

amastigote

2

leishmanial form

amastigote

3

crithidial form

epimastigote

4

trypanosomal form

trypomastigote

5

what constitues the kinetoplast

parabasal body
blepharoplast

6

old world cutaneous leishmaniasis

Leishmania tropica

7

also known as Oriental Sore

Leishmania tropica

8

also known as Aleppo button

Leishmania tropica

9

also known as Baghdad or Jericho boil

Leishmania tropica

10

Habitat of what leishmania:
endothelial cells of the skin capillaries
within cytoplasm of monocytes

Leishmania tropica

11

vector of Leishmania tropica

Phlebotomus

12

Pathology of what leishmania: localized cutaneous infection which give rise to a macule, then a papule, a raised lesion with depressed ulcerated center

Leishmania tropica

13

raised lesion with depressed ulcerated center

papule

14

characterized by dry lesions

Leishmania tropica

15

Also known as Espundia

Leishmania braziliensis

16

Also known as American mucocutaneous

Leishmania braziliensis

17

Also known as Bubas

Leishmania braziliensis

18

Also known as Chiclero ulcers

Leishmania braziliensis

19

Also known as visceral leishmaniasis

Leishmania donovani

20

characterized by Kala-azar

Leishmania donovani

21

characterized by Dum-dum

Leishmania donovani

22

characterized by black fever

Leishmania donovani

23

habitat of ?: mucocutaneous junctions

Leishmania braziliensis

24

habitat of ?: RES: liver, spleen, BM,

Leishmania donovani

25

pathology of ?: splenomegaly with associated severe anemia

Leishmania donovani

26

vector of Leishmania donovani

Lutzomyia and Phlebotomus

27

vector of Leishmania braziliense

Lutzomyia and Psychodopygus

28

– erosion of pinna of ear

Chiclero’s ulcer

29

erosion of nose bridge

Tapir Nose

30

– looks like M. leprae infection/leprosy

Cutaneous Oriental Sore

31

hemoflagellate without epimastigote stage

Leishmania spp

32

diagnosis of leishmania
cannot identify if acute or past infection

Intradermal test (Montenegro Skin Test)

33

diagnosis of leishmania
only Antibody is detected

Intradermal test (Montenegro Skin Test)

34

– recent infection

Presence of IgM

35

– past infection

Presence of IgG

36

– non-specific, for screening only, consists of formalin and a drop of serum
-look for gel formation or agglutination

Formal-gel test

37

(greater Ig =

infection

38

o Normal A/G Ratio –

high albumin

39

o – inverted A/G Ratio
-high globulin = strong indication of inflammation

Leishmania infection

40

TREATMENT of Leishmania


• Antimony compounds
• Amphotericin B
• Pentamidine
• Nifurtimox

41

infective stage to final host

promastigotes

42

infective stage to vector/ intermediate host

amastigote

43

diagnostic stage

amastigote

Decks in ► Med Misc 05 Class (295):