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First Aid: Microbiology > Parasitology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Parasitology Deck (55)
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1

Protozoa - GI infections

  • Giardia lamblia 
  • Entamoeba histolytica 
  • Cryptosporidium 

2

Protozoa - CNS infections

  • Toxoplasma gondii
  • Naegleria fowleri 
  • Trypanosoma brucei 

3

Protozoa - Hematologic infections 

  • Plasmodium
    • P. vivax/ovale
    • P. falciparum
    • P. malariae 
  • Babesia 

4

Protozoa - Visceral infections 

  • Trypanosoma cruzi 
  • Leishmania donovani 

5

Protozoa - STDs

Trichomonas vaginalis 

6

Nematodes - intestinal 

  • Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides (giant roundworm)
  • Strongyloides stercoralis 
  • Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus (hookworms)

7

Nematodes - tissue 

  • Onchocerca volvulus 
  • Loa loa 
  • Wuchereria bancrofti 
  • Toxocara canis 

8

Ingested nematodes 

You'll get sick if you EAT these!

  • Enterobius 
  • Ascaris
  • Toxocara 

9

Cutaneous nematodes 

These get into your feet from the SANd

  • Strongyloides
  • Ancylostoma
  • Necator 

10

Nematodes that bite

Lay LOW to avoid getting bitten

  • Loa loa
  • Onchocerca volvulus 
  • Wuchereria bancrofti 

11

Cestodes (tapeworms)

  • Taenia solium
  • Diphyllobothrium latum
  • Echinococcus granulosus 

12

Trematodes (flukes)

  • Schistosoma 
  • Clonorchis sinesis 

13

biliary tract disease

cholangiocarcinoma 

Clonorchis sinesis 

14

brain cysts, seizures

Taenia solium (cysticercosis)

15

hematuria, bladder cancer 

Schistosoma haematobium 

16

liver (hydatid) cysts

Echinococcus granulosus 

17

microcytic anemia 

Ancylostoma, Necator 

18

perianal pruritis 

Enterobius 

19

portal HTN

Schistosoma mansoni 

Schistosoma japonicum 

20

vitamin B12 deficiency 

Diphyllobothrium latum 

21

Giardiasis 

Giardia lamblia 

  • bloating, flatulence, foul-smelling, fatty diarrhea
  • campers/hikers 

22

Amebiasis 

Entamoeba histolytica 

  • bloody diarrhea (dysentery)
  • liver abscess (“anchovy paste” exudate)
  • RUQ pain (flank-shaped ulcer w/ colon rupture)

23

clinical disease of cryptosporidium

severe diarrhea in AIDS

mild disease (watery diarrhea) in immunocompetent 

24

classic triad of congenital toxoplasmosis 

  • chorioretinitis
  • hydrocephalus
  • intracranial calcifications 

25

brain abscess in HIV

ring-enhancing brain lesions on CT/MRI

Toxoplasma gondii

26

clinical disease of Naegleria fowleri 

rapidly fatal meningoencephalitis 

27

African sleeping sickness 

Trypanosoma bruceii 

  • enlarged lymph nodes
  • recurring fever
  • somnolence
  • coma 

28

swimming in freshwater lakes

enters via cribriform plate 

Naegleria fowleri 

29

clinical subtypes of Plasmodium 

  • Malaria 
  • P. vivax/ovale
  • P. falciparum
  • P. malariae 

30

malaria 

  • fever 
  • headache 
  • anemia  
  • splenomegaly