Parent-offspring Behaviour 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Parent-offspring Behaviour 7 Deck (12)
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1

Why is it important to understand maternal behaviour?

To prevent high infant mortality

2

What is post-parturient behaviour?

Protecting, nursing and teaching the young after birth

3

What is monotocous with precocial young?

Single, well developed young

4

What is polytocous with altricial young?

Many (litter bearing) less developed young

5

What hormone initiates and maintains milk production?

Prolactin

6

What are some examples of good maternal behaviours?

Licking
Thermoregulation
Bonding
Nursing
Protection
Teaching

7

What is imprinting?

Formation of initial social bonds in precocial animals and birds

8

Why is it useful to know an animal’s sensitive period?

We then know when fostering can take place

9

What are the 5 stages of development in the dog?

1. Prenatal
2. Neonatal:birth-2 weeks
3. Transition: 2-3 weeks
4. Socialisation: 3-12 weeks
5. Juvenile period: 3-8 months

10

Why is imminent consumption of the colostrum (first milk) important?

Provides energy, warmth and passive immunity

11

What is the Trivers-Willard theory?

Investment in offspring depends on the future breeding potential of offspring and the compromise to future breeding potential of mother

Investment depends on age of mother and sex of offspring

12

What are the effects of domestication on maternal behaviour?

Modified early experience
Changed parturition environment
Changed lactation environment (reduced space)
Early weaning