Flashcards in Parents Deck (49):
- what parents do to support their child's PA
- goal directed and context specific behaviours
- how parents interact with their children and the emotional and relational climate that they create
- eg. responsiveness/nurturing, demandingness/control
Parenting practices include:
- buying equipment
- emotional support
- paying fees
- connectivity, good role model
Parent social support for PA includes:
- resources provided by parents that influence their PA
- emotional support (encouragement, praise, watching, talking)
- instrumental support (transportation, buying equipment, paying fees)
- co-participation in PA
ParticipACTION: according to students in grades 9-12, ____% have parents/step parents/guardians who support them in being physically active.
ParticipACTION: according to students in grades 9-12, ____% have parents/step parents/guardians who encourage them to be physically active.
___% of 18-32 year olds in Canada meet the adult PA guidelines (CHMS).
Yao and Rhodes parent support study found that there was a moderate sized association between ....
general parent support for PA and child and youth PA
Yao and Rhodes parent support study found that _____ _____ had the strongest effect.
Gender differences in parental modeling of PA:
- father-son PA was significantly higher than mother-son PA
- father-daughter PA was not significantly different than mother-daughter PA
Overall conclusion of parental modelling study:
there is small association between parent and child PA
Stearns et al. (2016) found that for every 1000 step increase in parents' steps, children took an additional ____ steps.
Stearns et al. (2016) conclusion:
physically active parents tend to have physically active children
Physical activity self-efficacy:
- belief in the capacity to be physically active (task-self efficacy)
- belief in the capacity to be physically active despite existing barriers (barriers self-efficacy)
Social cognitive theory was developed by:
SCT 4 aspects of self-efficacy judgements:
- performance accomplishments
- vicarious experience
- social persuasion
- physiological and emotional states
SCT self-efficacy judgements become:
Describe the socialization model of child behaviour:
- environment, parent behaviour, child behaviour, parent cognition, child cognition all interact
- bidirectional influences
According to the Yao and Rhodes (2016) review, there were no significant differences in....
the association of parental modelling and support and child/youth PA across different ages
Demanding parenting styles:
Un-demanding parenting styles:
Un-responsive parenting styles:
Responsive parenting styles:
self determination theory
SDT describes the importance of _____ _____, _____ and ______ for promoting PA in children.
- autonomy support
3 components of supportive interactional style:
Autonomy-support (supports _____):
- provision of choices and options and the reduction of pressure
Structure (supports _____):
- provision of appropriate feedback and the clarification of expectations to be derived from behaviour
Involvement (supports ____):
- individuals feel that others are genuinely interested in their health and well-being
4 types of hyper-parenting:
- helicopter parents
- little emperor parents
- tiger moms
- parents who practice concerted cultivation
try to solve all of their child's problems and protect them from all dangers
Little emperor parents:
strive to give their children all the material goods they crave
push for and accept nothing less than exceptional achievement from their children
Parents who practice concerted cultivation:
schedule their children into several extracurricular activities to provide them with an advance
Meaningful differences were observed when comparing ____ and ____ hyper-parenting groups, with no further difference when comparing ____ to ____ hyper-parenting groups.
- low and average
- average to high
Parent-initiated motivational climate consists of:
- mastery-oriented climate
- ego-oriented climate
Mastery-oriented climate includes:
Ego-oriented climate includes:
- normative success
Young athletes' intrinsic motivation in swimming was strongly related to...
perceptions of the motivational climate that was created by their parents
Key points from Camilla Knight podcast:
- environment not parent
- organizations need to realize they set the tone that parents work within
- stress conversations between all parties
- problem parents are in the minority
Harwood and Knight (2015) proposed that sport parenting expertise is dependent on the degree to which ...
parents demonstrate a range of competencies that increase their child's success and positive outcomes
choose appropriate sport opportunities and provide the necessary types of social support for their children
understand and apply an authoritative or autonomy-supportive parenting style
manage the emotional demands of competition
foster and maintain healthy relationships with others in the youth sport environment (eg. coaches, other parents)
manage the organizational and developmental demands placed on them as stakeholders in youth sport
Adapt their involvement and support to different stages of their children's athletic development and progressions
____-_____ parenting and parent ____ _____ are underlying features of exemplary parenting in female team sport.
- emotional intelligence