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Flashcards in Parents Deck (49):
1

Parenting practices:

- what parents do to support their child's PA
- goal directed and context specific behaviours

2

Parenting styles:

- how parents interact with their children and the emotional and relational climate that they create
- eg. responsiveness/nurturing, demandingness/control

3

Parenting practices include:

- buying equipment
- emotional support
- paying fees
- connectivity, good role model

4

Parent social support for PA includes:

- resources provided by parents that influence their PA
- emotional support (encouragement, praise, watching, talking)
- instrumental support (transportation, buying equipment, paying fees)
- co-participation in PA

5

ParticipACTION: according to students in grades 9-12, ____% have parents/step parents/guardians who support them in being physically active.

92%

6

ParticipACTION: according to students in grades 9-12, ____% have parents/step parents/guardians who encourage them to be physically active.

73%

7

___% of 18-32 year olds in Canada meet the adult PA guidelines (CHMS).

32%

8

Yao and Rhodes parent support study found that there was a moderate sized association between ....

general parent support for PA and child and youth PA

9

Yao and Rhodes parent support study found that _____ _____ had the strongest effect.

parent encouragement

10

Gender differences in parental modeling of PA:

- father-son PA was significantly higher than mother-son PA
- father-daughter PA was not significantly different than mother-daughter PA

11

Overall conclusion of parental modelling study:

there is small association between parent and child PA

12

Stearns et al. (2016) found that for every 1000 step increase in parents' steps, children took an additional ____ steps.

260

13

Stearns et al. (2016) conclusion:

physically active parents tend to have physically active children

14

Physical activity self-efficacy:

- belief in the capacity to be physically active (task-self efficacy)
- belief in the capacity to be physically active despite existing barriers (barriers self-efficacy)

15

Social cognitive theory was developed by:

Albert Bandura

16

SCT 4 aspects of self-efficacy judgements:

- performance accomplishments
- vicarious experience
- social persuasion
- physiological and emotional states

17

SCT self-efficacy judgements become:

behaviour/performance

18

Describe the socialization model of child behaviour:

- environment, parent behaviour, child behaviour, parent cognition, child cognition all interact
- bidirectional influences

19

According to the Yao and Rhodes (2016) review, there were no significant differences in....

the association of parental modelling and support and child/youth PA across different ages

20

Demanding parenting styles:

- authoritarian
- authoritative

21

Un-demanding parenting styles:

- uninvoled
- permissive

22

Un-responsive parenting styles:

- authoritarian
- uninvolved

23

Responsive parenting styles:

- authoritative
- permissive

24

SDT =

self determination theory

25

SDT describes the importance of _____ _____, _____ and ______ for promoting PA in children.

- autonomy support
- structure
- involvement

26

3 components of supportive interactional style:

- autonomy-support
- structure
- involvement

27

Autonomy-support (supports _____):

- autonomy
- provision of choices and options and the reduction of pressure

28

Structure (supports _____):

- competence
- provision of appropriate feedback and the clarification of expectations to be derived from behaviour

29

Involvement (supports ____):

- relatedness
- individuals feel that others are genuinely interested in their health and well-being

30

4 types of hyper-parenting:

- helicopter parents
- little emperor parents
- tiger moms
- parents who practice concerted cultivation

31

Helicopter parents:

try to solve all of their child's problems and protect them from all dangers

32

Little emperor parents:

strive to give their children all the material goods they crave

33

Tiger moms:

push for and accept nothing less than exceptional achievement from their children

34

Parents who practice concerted cultivation:

schedule their children into several extracurricular activities to provide them with an advance

35

Meaningful differences were observed when comparing ____ and ____ hyper-parenting groups, with no further difference when comparing ____ to ____ hyper-parenting groups.

- low and average
- average to high

36

Parent-initiated motivational climate consists of:

- mastery-oriented climate
- ego-oriented climate

37

Mastery-oriented climate includes:

- effort
- fun
- self-improvement

38

Ego-oriented climate includes:

- winning
- outcome
- normative success

39

Young athletes' intrinsic motivation in swimming was strongly related to...

perceptions of the motivational climate that was created by their parents

40

Key points from Camilla Knight podcast:

- environment not parent
- organizations need to realize they set the tone that parents work within
- stress conversations between all parties
- problem parents are in the minority

41

Harwood and Knight (2015) proposed that sport parenting expertise is dependent on the degree to which ...

parents demonstrate a range of competencies that increase their child's success and positive outcomes

42

Postulate 1:

choose appropriate sport opportunities and provide the necessary types of social support for their children

43

Postulate 2:

understand and apply an authoritative or autonomy-supportive parenting style

44

Postulate 3:

manage the emotional demands of competition

45

Postulate 4:

foster and maintain healthy relationships with others in the youth sport environment (eg. coaches, other parents)

46

Postulate 5:

manage the organizational and developmental demands placed on them as stakeholders in youth sport

47

Postulate 6:

Adapt their involvement and support to different stages of their children's athletic development and progressions

48

____-_____ parenting and parent ____ _____ are underlying features of exemplary parenting in female team sport.

- autonomy-supportive
- emotional intelligence

49

Car ride home: what you should do:

- take time to think
- de-emphasize performance outcomes/loses
- use questions in a supportive manner
- develop rules of the road
- ask yourself what values you are promoting with your questions, comments
- be positive and supportive