What is the pathogen for “Strep Throat”?
Strep throat may progress to what two diseases?
Rheumatic fever/heart disease
What are the symptoms of strep throat?
sore throat and difficulty swallowing, fever, malaise, headache
What are the SIGNS of strep throat?
Pharynx appears red, swollen lymph nodes, purulent abscesses covering tonsils (pus pockets)
What are the purulent abscesses covering the tonsils in strep throat called?
What is the defining sign for strep throat?
Pus pockets on the tonsils
How is strep through spree?
Via respiratory droplets
Anyone can get strep throat, but what is the MC age group?
Children ages 5-15
Strep throat occurs most often in what two seasons?
Winter and spring
What condition is strep throat often confused with?
Viral pharyngitis (sore throat) 50% of strep is really strep... ofther 50% is viral pharyngitis
What is recommended to treat strep throat? Why?
Prevent developing rheumatic fever/heart disease.
How can you tell if it is a pus pocket and not mucus?
Have patient swallow. Mucus goes away but pus pocket stays.
Can you still get pus pockets even if you have no tonsils?
Scarlet Fever is also known as?
When will scarlet fever occur in relation of strep throat?
1-2 days of strep throat
What causes scarlet fever?
pyrogenic toxins trigger diffuse rash
What is a unique sign of scarlet fever?
Tongue becomes strawberry red.
The rash of scarlet fever starts where and spread where?
Spreads across body
When does the rash of scarlet fever disappear? What else happens?
After about a week,
Some people with strep throat get a rash but it is not scarlet fever. How can you tell?
Bilateral, folds and creases in rash where skin touches
What is the pathogen for scarlet fever?
lysogenized strain of streptococcus pyogenes