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Flashcards in part 5 Deck (50):
1

Another name for uterne cycle is

mesntrual cycle

2

How long are these cycles typically

28

3

the uterine cycle is cyclic changes in

Cyclic changes of the endometrial lining

4

The uterine cycle is interputed by

pregnancy

5

the ovarian cycle has three phases?What are they?

Folllicuar, ovulation, and luetal phase

6

Regulates the events of the follicle
Regulates the activity within the endometrium

hormone cycle

7

Dominated by maturing follicles to produce a mature ova

Folluciluar Phase

8

Produce Estrogen- promoting development growth of that folicule

follicular phase

9

second half cycle

luetal phase

10

lutal phase Characterized by the presence of

Characterized by the presence of corpora luteam

11

In the late follicular phase , levels are down regulted in reposne to

inhibin

12

The uterine cycle has three phases : what are they?

mensutrual, polefirtive, and secreroty

13

the menstutal chycle last about how many days ?

5-7 days

14

Coincides with the termination of the......e and the beginning of the......

ovarian luteal phase and the beginning of the ovarian follicular phase

15

Most overt phase characterized by vaginal discharge of blood and endometrial debris

menstutal phase

16

Last day of menses to ovulation

the profiletaive phase

17

Repair and regeneration of the endometrial functional layer under the influence of estrogen- hormone trying to get u pregnant
Referred to as ...

estrogen-priming

18

Also called the progestational phase

secretory phase

19

The series of anatomic and physiologic events that occur during stimulation of the reproductive organs

Sexual reponse cycle

20

What are the four phases in the sexual response cycle in both male and female?

Excitement, Plateau, Orgasm, Resolution

21

During male excitment phase, the penis

stiffents and increases in dimater in length

22

the penis siffenning and increasing in diamter is

Results from vasocongestion via parasympathetic innervation of the arterioles

23

in the filling phase of male excitement phase, what happens?

Smooth muscle relaxation of the arteries results in increase in penile blood flow

24

Requires continual presence of erotic stimuli

Male platuaue phase

25

Possibility of pre-orgasmic emissions originating from ./....

Cowpers gland

26

in male platuea phase ... what enlarges?

prostate galnd

27

Loss of voluntary control of muscles and a release of neuromuscular tension

male orgamsic phase

28

there are two stages in the male orgamsic phase.... what are they?

Explusion and emission stage

29

Experienced as a sensation of imminent ejaculation

emission stage

30

Rhythmic contraction of the penis & bulbocavernosus muscle

explusion stage

31

Period of time in which erotic stimulation can not maintain arousal

male refactory period

32

true or false:a man ataain a another arousal priod

false; a man cannot

33

what is the resoltion state ?

arosl returns to resting state

34

what happens to the vagina in the exctiement phase of female?

Membrane lining of vaginal wall becomes moist due to fluids leaking from the local vasculature

35

What is the tenting effect?

Distal 2/3rd of the vagina increases in length & width
uterus accends

36

Breasts increase in size...due to fluid accumulation

25

37

is known as the orgasm platform

female plateu phase

38

in the female orgamsin phase... after how long does orgasmim occr\ur

10-20 min

39

true or falseNot all women experience orgasm all the time

truee

40

there are three types of orgams... name them

type a, b , and c

41

what is type a , b and c

Type A: multi-orgasmic
Type B: no orgasms (~6% of females)
Type C: Early intense orgasm

42

true or false.. later orgasm are weaker than the intial one. They are not that poweful

false, the later ones are intense

43

– sustained orgasm lasting up to 1 minute

Status orgasmus –

44

what happens in female resolution phase?

Internal cervical os dilates immediately after orgasm, perhaps to permit sperm to migrate into the uterus

45

The union of a haploid sperm and a haploid ovum

fertiization

46

What are the steos in fertizltion?

Activation of sperm (capacitation)
Penetration of the protective layers surrounding ovum
Recognition of sperm and ovum
Plasma membranes fuse
remove Additional sperm entry blocked
Completion of meiosis II in oocyte
Ovum and sperm nuclei fuse

47

What does fetilztion also do?

deteemrine the sex , restore the diploid chromsomones

48

Sperm can survive about days in the female reproductive tract

5 days

49

The long journey..Sperm deposited in vagina must traverse through .....canal, uterine wall, and lower 2/3rds of uterine tube

cervical canal

50

Only a small percentage of deposited sperm ever make it to site of fertilization... Why?
W

Some leak out of the vagina
Some can not survive the acid environment
Some are not motile
Some lose direction